The Role of Urban Spaces and Structures in Increasing the Social Vitality of Citizens with an Emphasis on Urban Design Approaches


Affiliations

  • Islamic Azad University, Sarab, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Urban Engineering, Sarab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sarab, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

As the greatest symbol of civilization, city has been found in order to provide human beings with safety, security, welfare, and composure; this human product has and will have a permanent and inclusive impact on his life. From the very beginning of life on earth, human beings have shown a desire for social life and living together. A close analysis of the process of economic, cultural, scientific and social developments throughout history reveals men’s insatiable need and quest for a society in which they can easily experience social institutions and products derived from collective life; Basically, it can be claimed that the birth and the development of human talents and abilities are the direct product of socialization and the use of diversity and multiplication of society. Therefore, humans have always tries to provide required social spaces for the development of scientific and specialized talents, for cultural exchanges and for spending leisure time. Machine life, continuous and permanent endeavors of citizen to enjoy family life, economic problems, and many other difficulties have made human beings procure comfort and psychological well-being through seeking social vitality. Thus, it is necessary for people to establish a vibrant community and make urban transform urban space into a safe place for the development of healthy social relationships and increase the community's mental security by creating a joyful atmosphere with proper planning and matching the needs of the people, in order to finally escape problems, the ultimate results of which are mental disorders and psychological stress. The present study used documentary and library method in order to assess views; theories and topics related to the subject of research; then, it extract effective indicators for creating urban happiness. Required data was collected through field method (questionnaire, observation, interviews and field surveys); finally, some solutions have been presented in order to enhance the level of social vitality in the city.

Keywords

Social Vitality, Urban Design, Sarab City, Urban Place.

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