Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Schizothorax plagiostomus found in River Jhelum from Kashmir Valley


Affiliations

  • University of Kashmir, Fish Nutrition Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India

Abstract

Length weight relationship is important in describing several biological aspects of fish species found under cultured and natural condition. Length weight relationship provides information about whether somatic growth was isometric or allometric. While condition factor provide information about the well being fish. In the present study the individuals of Schizothorax plagiostomus were collected from river Jhelum from different locations for the determination of length weight relationship and condition factor during the period of 2014–2016. Length weight relationship was computed using the equation W = aLb, which was further transformed into LogW = Loga + bLog L. Results showed that the value of b in length weight relationship of male S. plagiostomus ranged from 2.316–2.965, while in female fishes the value of b ranged from 2.01–3.66. The results clearly show allometric type of growth in male and isometric type of growth in females. The regression coefficient between males and female did not shows any significant difference, (p > 0.05) whereas significant difference (P < 0.01) could be noticed between males and between females (p < 0.01). However, condition factor (K) of S. plagiostomus fluctuates between 0.82–1.58 in male and between 0.870–1.31 in female, indicating the robustness of the fish inhabiting in river Jhelum.

Keywords

Condition Factor, Jhelum, Length Weight, Schizothorax plagiostomus.

Full Text:

References

Achakzai WM, Saddozai S, Baloch WA,Memon N. Length-weight Relationships and condition factor of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) from Manchar lake Distt. Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Sindh University Research Journal-SURJ Science Series. 2013; 45:201–6.

Ahmed KK, Saha SB. Length–weight Relationships of major carps in Kapati Lake, Bangladesh. Naga ICLARM Q. 1996; 19:28.

Ali S, Barat A, Kumar P, Sati J, Kumar R, Haldar RS. Study of the Length-weight Relationship and condition factor for the Golden Mahseer, Tor putitora from Himalayan rivers of India. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2014; 35:225–8.

Allen K. R. Some observation on the biology of the trout (Salmo trutta) in Windermere. Journal of Animal Ecology. 1938; 7: 333–349.

Bagenal TB, Braum E. Eggs and early life history. Methods for assessment of fish production in freshwaters, Bagenal TB. ed. IBP (International Biological Program) Handbook. 1978; 3:165–201.

Bagenal TB, Tesch FW. Age and growth. Bagenal, T. Ed. Methods of Assessment of fish Production in fresh waters. Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publication. 1978. p. 101–36.

Beyer JE. On Length-weight Relationships: Part II. Computing mean weights from length statistics. Fish byte. 1991; 9:50–4.

Bhagath MJ, Sunder S. A preliminary notes on Length-weight Relationship and condition factor Schizothorax plagiostomus (Heckel, 1883) from Jammu region. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India. 1983; 15:73–4.

Bhat FA, Yousuf AR, Balkhi MH, Mahdi MD, Shah FA. Lengthweight Relationship and morphometric characteristics of Schizothorax spp. in the river Lidder of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Fisheries., 2010; 57:73–6.

Chatterji A. Siddiqui AQ, Khan AA. Length-weight Relationship of a carp, Labeo bata (Ham.). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. 1977; 86:189–94.

Copp GH, Vladimir K, Hensel K. When do fishes become juveniles? Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes, 19, Springer Science and Business Media 286. 2013.

Dar SA, Najar AM, Balkhi MH, Rather MA, Sharma R. Lengthweight Relationship and relative condition factor of Schizopyge esocinus (Heckel, 1838) from Jhelum river Kashmir. International Journal of Aquatic Science. 2012; 3:29–36.

Dhanze R, Dhanze JR. Biology of scale and grass carp, Lengthweight Relationship and growth performance under the agro climate zone of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 1997; 44:255–63.

Fafioye OO, Oluajo OA. . Length-weight Relationships of five fish species in Epelago on Nigeria. African Journal Biotechnology. 2005; 4:749–51. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2005.000-3136.

Froese R. Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationship: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2006; 22:241–53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x.

Fulton TW. The rate of growth of fishes. Twenty-second Annual Report Part III. Fisheries Board of Scotland, Edinburgh.1904; 3:141–241.

Haniffa MA, Nagarajan M, Gopalakrishnan A. Length-weight Relationships of Channa punctata (Bloch, 1793) from Western Ghats rivers of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2006; 22:308–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00779.x.

Hossain MY, Rahman MM, Fulanda B, Jewel MAS, Ahmed F, Ohtomi J. Length-weight and length-length Relationships of five threatened fish species from the Jamuna (Brahmaputra river tributary) river, northern Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2012; 28:275–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.14390426.2011.01900.x.

Hossain, MY, Sayed SRM, Mosaddequr RM, Ali MM, Hossen MA, Elgorban AM, Ohtomi J. Length–weight Relationships of nine fish species from the Tetulia river, southern Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2015; 31:967–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12823.

Iqbal MJ, Kumar SU, Prakash GO, Kumar DA. Lengthweight Relationships of the India Major Carp, Labeo rohita (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from six drainages of Ganga basin, India. Cuadernos de Investigacion. 2015; 7:71–8. https://doi.org/10.22458/urj.v7i1.864.

Jhingran VG. Studies on the age and growth of Cirrhina mrigala (Ham.) from the river Ganga. Proceeding of National Institute of Sciences, India. 1959; 52:107–37.

Jobling M. Environmental factors and rates of development and growth. Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries, 1. Hart, P.J.B, and Reynolds, J.D. Eds. Blackwell Publishing; 2002. p: 107–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693803.ch5.

Kashyap A, Awasthi M, Arshad M, Serajuddin M. Length-weight, length-length Relationship and condition factor of freshwater murrel, Channa punctatus from Northern and Eastern regions of India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 2015; 7:164–70.

Khan RA. Studies on the biology of some important major carps. [Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis], Aligarh Muslim University. 1972.

Le Cren ED. The Length-weight Relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the pearch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 1951; 20:201–19. https://doi.org/10.2307/1540.

Malhotra SK. Bionomics of the hill stream Cyprinids I. Food, parasites and Length-weight Relationship of Labeodyo chilus. Proceedings of Indian Academy of Science. 1985; 94:377–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03186344.

Malhotra SK, Chauhan RS. Bionomics of hill stream Cyprinids IV. Length-weight Relationship of Labeo dero (Ham.) from India. Proceeding of Indian Academy of Science. 1984; 93:411–7. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03186288.

Malhotra SL. Bionomics of hill stream Cyprinids III. Food, parasites and Length-weight Relationship of Garwhal mahaseer, Tor tor (Ham). Proceeding of Indian Academy of Science. 1982; 91:479–85.

Mir JI, Shabir R, Mir FA. Length-weight Relationship and condition factor of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel, 1838) from river Jhelum, Kashmir, India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 2012; 4:325–9.

Miranda R, Galicia D, Monks S, Pulido-Flores G. Weight–length Relationships of some native freshwater fishes of Hidalgo. State, Mexico Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2009; 25:620–1. https:// doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01319.x.

Mortuza G. Length-weight Relationships of twelve fishes from the river Padma near Rajshahi city, Bangladesh. Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 2015; 6:1–2. https://doi.org/10.4172/21503508.10000113.

Mortuza MG, Almisned FA. Length-weight Relationships, condition factor and sex-ratio of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus in Wadi Hanifah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Continental Journal of Biological Science. 2013; 6:1–5.

Moutopoulos DK, Stergiou KI. Length-weight and length-length Relationships of fish species from the Aegean Sea, Greece. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2002; 18:200–3. https://doi.org/10.1046/ j.1439-0426.2002.00281.x.

Muchlisin ZA, Musman M, Siti Azizah MN. Length–weight Relationships and condition factors of two threatened fishes, Rasbora tawarensis and Poropuntius tawarensis endemic to Lake Laut Tawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2010; 26:949–53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01524.x.

Natarajan AV, Jhingran AG. On the biology of Catla catla (Ham.) from the river Jamuna. Proceeding of National Institute of Sciences, India. 1963; 298:327–55.

Nile Z, Wu H, Wei J, Zhang X, Ma Z. Length-weight relationship and morphological studies in the kashgarian loach Triplophysa yarkandensis (Day, 1877) from the Tarim river, Tarim river basin, North-West China. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 2013; 60: 15–19.

Pathak BC, Serajuddin MA. Comparative study of Length-weight Relationship and condition factor of lesser spiny Eel, Macrognathus aculeatus (Bloach) from the different river basins of India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 2015; 7:82–6.

Pathak BC, Zahid M, Serajuddin M. Length-weight, length-length Relationship of the spiny Eel, Macrognathus pancalus (Hamilton 1822) sampled from Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins, India. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 2013; 12:170–82.

Patiyal RS, Lal KK, Punia P, Singh AK, Mir JI. Length-weight Relationship and condition factor of five wild freshwater fish species from river Ganga in India. Journal of Eco Physiology and Occupational Health. 2013; 3:7–11.

Pauly D. Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO. Fisheries Technology. FAO, Rome; 1983. p. 234.

Pervin MR, Mortuza MG. Notes on Length-weight Relationship and condition factor of fresh water fish, Labeo boga (Hamilton) (Cypriiformes: Cyprinidae). Journal Zoology Rajshahi University. 2008; 27:97–8.

Petrakis G, Stergious KI. Weight-length Relationship for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fish Research. 1995; 21:465–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-7836(94)00294-7.

Qadri MY, Yousuf AR. Influence of physico-chemical factors on the seasonality of cladocera in lake Manasbal. Geobios. 1980; 7:273–6.

Radkhah A, Eagderi S. Length-weight and length-length Relationships and condition factor of six cyprinid fish species of Zarrineh river (Urmia Lake basin, Iran). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology. 2015; 2:61–4.

Ricker WE. Linear regressions in fishery research. Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 1973; 30: 409–439.

Ruiz-Campos G, Ramirez-Valdez A, Gonzalez S, GonzalezAcosta AF, Acosta Zamorano D. Length-weight and length-length relationship for nine rocky tidal pool fishes along the pacific coast of the Baja california Peninsula, Mexico. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2010; 26: 118–119.

Sarkar S, Pressey RL, Faith DP, Margules CR, Fuller T, Stoms DM, Moffett A, Wilson KA, Williams KJ, Williams PH, Andelman S. Biodiversity conservation planning tools: Present status and challenges for the future. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 2006; 31:123–59. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev. energy.31.042606.085844.

Sarkar UK, Deepak PK, Negi RS. Length–weight Relationship of clown knife fish Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) from the river Ganga basin India. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2009; 25:232– 3. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2008.01206.x.

Sekitar PK, Hamid MA, Mansor M, Siti-Azizah MN. Lengthweight Relationship and condition factor of fish populations in Temengor reservoir: Indication of Environmental Health. Sains Malaysiana. 2015; 44:61–6. https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-20154401-09.

Serajuddin M, Prasad L, Pathak BC. Comparative study of Length-weight Relationship of freshwater murrel, Channa punctatus (Bloch1793) from lotic and lentic environments. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences. 2013; 5:233–8.

Sunil MS. Length-weight Relationship in Rasbora danicnius (Ham.) from Achenkoli river, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 2000; 47:271–4.

Teixeira-de Mello F, Eguren G. Prevalence and intensity of blackspot disease in fish community from a subtropical stream (Santa Lucia river basin, Uruguay). Limnetica. 2008; 27:251–8.

Teixeira-de Mello F, Iglesias C, Borthagaray AI, Mazzeo N, Vilches J, et al. Onthogenic allometric coefficient changes. Implicances of diet shift and morphometric attributes in Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch) (Characiforme, Erythrinidae). Journal of Fish Biology. 2006; 69:1770–8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.10958649.2006.01245.x.

Yousuf AR, Bhat FA, Mahdi D, Ali S, Ahangar MA. Food and feeding habits of Glyptosternon reticulatum McClelland and Griffth in Torrential streams of Kashmir Himalayas. Journal of Research Development. 2003; 3:124–33.

Zhulan N, Wu H, Wei J, Zhang X, Ma Z. Length-weight Relationship and morphological studies in the kashgarian loach Triplophysa yarkandensis (Day, 1877) from the Tarim river, Tarim river basin, North-West China. Indian Journal of Fishes. 2013; 60:15–9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.