A Comparative Study of Job Motivation and Work Engagement among Teachers Working in Smart and Ordinary Middle and High Schools in Parsabad


Affiliations

  • Ardabil Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Educational Sciences, Ardabil, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Educational Sciences, Ardabil, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

The present study was carried out in order to compare job motivation and work engagement among teachers working in smart and ordinary middle and high schools in Parsabad, Ardabil province, Iran. The present study was an applied experiment with regard to its aim, and a causal-comparative non-experimental research regarding the method of data collection. The statistical population of the present study included all teachers working in (smart and ordinary) middle and high schools in Parsabad in the academic year of 2016-17. Morgan table was used to select 60 teachers working in smart schools and 235 teachers working in ordinary schools by a stratified random sampling method. In order to collect the required data, Schaufeli and Bakker Work Engagement Questionnaire (with Cronbach's Alpha of 0.82) and Hackman and Oldham Job Motivation Questionnaire (with Cronbach's Alpha of 0.79) were utilized. T-test was used to analyze the collected data. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference between teachers working in smart and ordinary middle and high schools of Parsabad in terms of job motivation and work engagement, such that teachers of smart schools had a higher level of job motivation and work engagement than those working in ordinary schools. The results also indicated that the mean scores of job motivation and work engagement components were higher among teachers of smart schools than ordinary schools.

Keywords

Job Motivation, Smart Schools, Schools of Parsabad, Work Engagement.

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