Effects of Short Term Inspiratory Muscle Training in Hospitalised Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients - An Experimental Study


  • KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Department of Cardio Respiratory Physiotherapy, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Belagavi, Karnataka, 590010, India


Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) is a progressive irreversible lung disorder characterised by air way limitation which worsens on expiration and may additionally lead to compression of small airway ensuring air trapping in the lungs and subsequent hyperinflation. Objective: to evaluate the effects of short term muscle training in hospitalised chronic obstuctive pulmanory disease patients in terms of blood pressure heart rate PFT values functional cappacity. Methods: This study was a randomized control trial. A total number of participants participated in this study was 17 (n=17) the purpose of the study was explained to the participants in their vernacular language and a written informed consent was obtained from all the subjects. Result: value<0.05 was considered as significant. This shows that majority of the subjects in the sample are of the age group “51-60 years” followed by “61-70 years” 12(70.59%) subjects in the sample are males, mean BMI of subjects in the sample is 26.29 ± 5.23(kg/m2 ). 8(47.06%) of 17 subjects in the sample had normal BMI followed by 5(29.41%) had obesity and 4(23.53%) had overweight. mean respiratory rate of subjects in the sample is 24.06 ± 3.58.



Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Inspiratory Muscle Training

Full Text:


Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global Strategy for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Medical Communication Resources, Barcelona, Spain.

Regional COPD working group. COPD prevalence in 12 Asis Pacific countries and regions: Projections based on the COPD prevalence estimation model. Respirology. 2003; 8192–198.

Webber BA. The active cycle of breathing exercises. Cyst Fibrosis News. 1990.

Mikelsons C, Wedzicha W. Pulmonary rehabilitation and the COPD exacerbation. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2009; 30:649– 55. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1242634. PMid:19941222

Garrod R, Dallimore K, Cook J, et al. An evaluation of the acute impact of pursed lips breathing on walking distance in nonspontaneous pursed lips breathing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Chronic Respir Dis. 2005; 2(2): 67–72. https://doi.org/10.1191/1479972305cd068oa. PMid:16279153

Clini E, Venturelli E, Crissafulli E. Rehabilitation in COPD patients admitted for exacerbation. Pneumonol Alegrgol Pol. 2011; 79:16–20.

McGavin CR, Gupta SP, Mc Hardy GJ. Twelve-minute walking test for assessing disability in chronic bronchitis. Br Med J. 1976; 1:822–3. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6013.822. PMid:1260350. PMCid:PMC1639415

Mariana H. On the inspiratory muscle training reduces dyspnea during activity of daily living and improves inspiratory muscle function and quality of life in patient with COPD. CardiopulmRehabil Prev. 2009; 29:325–31. PMid:19561524.

Ahmad H, et al, Short term inspiratory muscle training combine with chest physiotherapy in hospitalized COPD patients. Crit Care Med. 2002; 166:111–17.

Andrew H, et al. Targeted inspiratory muscle training improves respiratory muscle function and reduces dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Rev Port Penumol. 2008; 14:177–94. PMid:18363017

Geddes EL, et al. Inspiratory muscle training in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cardio Pulm Phys Ther J. 2009; 20:5–15. PMid:20467518. PMCid:PMC2845249.

Geddes EL, O’Brien K, Reid WD, Brooks D, Crowe J. Inspiratory muscle training in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an update of a systematic review. Respir Med. 2009; 103:1240-1241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2009.03.004.

O’Brien Kelly, Geddes EL, Reid WD, Brooks D, Crowe J. Inspiratory muscle training compared with other rehabilitation interventions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review update. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2008: 28:128–41. PMid:18360190. https://doi.org/10.1097/01. HCR.0000314208.40170.00. PMid:18360190

Homann D, Stefanello JMF, Góes SM, Leite N. Impaired functional capacity and exacerbation of pain and exertion during the 6-minute walk test in women with fibromyalgia. Rev Bras Fisioter. 2011; 15(6):474–80. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413- 35552011000600008. PMid:22218712

Woods RT, Britton PG. Clinical psychology with elderly. Beckenham Kent: Croom Helm; 1985, p. 59.


  • There are currently no refbacks.