Study of Aesthetic Components of Smile in North Indian Males
Smile is an important physical factor for reflection of inner emotions and well being of person. People with an aesthetic smile are judged socially attractive. It would be useful to represent some desirable characteristics of the smile, which help to achieve desirable results in surgical and aesthetic oral rehabilitation. To analyze the various aesthetic components of smile, assessing the teeth displayed during smile, relationship between curve formed by incisal line of anterior maxillary teeth and the curve of lower lip, the touch of this incisal line on lower lip, the alignment of facial midline with the arch midline and compared the data with the previous studies. The study comprises of 200 North Indian males age group 18-40 years. Prior informed written consent for this study was obtained from the subjects. The exclusion and inclusion criteria for the subjects were predefined. Photographs were taken both in rest position as well as in Smile position using digital camera with high resolution. Results show that during smile the position of upper lip was average in 49% of males, alignment of upper incisal edge to lower lip was convex in 47%, tooth lower lip was non touching in 60%, no. of teeth displayed during smile was 8-10 in 68%, midline from philtrum passing through the centre of central incisors in 76% and bilateral negative space was not visible in 92% males. So, it is concluded that smile is aesthetic in North Indian males.
Solomon EGR. Esthetic consideration of smile. J Indian Prosthodont Soc. 1999; 10(3,4):41–6.
Ekstrand KR, Christiansen J, Christiansen MEC. Time and duration of eruption of first and second permanent molars: A longitudinal investigation. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 31(5):344–50. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0528.2003.00016.x PMid:14667005
Farkas LG, Bryson W, Klotz J. Is photogrammetry of the face reliable? Plast Reconstr Surg. 1980; 66:346–55. cited by Farkas LG, Katic MJ, Hreczko TA, Deutsch Curtis, Munro IR. Anthropometeric proportion in the upper lip-lower lip-chin area of the lower face in young white adults. Am J Orthod. 1984 Jul; 86(1):52–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9416(84)90276-8
Patnaik VVG, Singla RK, Bala S. Anatomy of ‘a beautiful face and smile’. J Anat SocIndia. 2003; 52(1):74–80.
Solomon EGR. Esthetic consideration of smile. J Indian prosthodont Soc. 1999; 10(3,4): 41-6.
Patnaik VVG, Goel A. Lip morphometery and dentofacial analysis- base data foe personal identification and forensic significance- a study done in 250 north Indian adults. J Indo Pacific Acad Forensic Odontol. 2010; 1(1):5–11.
Tjan AHL, Miller GD, The JGP. Some esthetic factors in a smile. J Prosthet Dent. 1984 Jan; 51(1):24–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3913(84)80097-9
Camara CA. Aesthetics in orthodontics: Six horizontal smile lines. Dental Press J. Orthod. 2010; 15(1):118–31.
Sarver DM, JL Ackerman. Orthodontics about face: The re-emergence of the esthetic paradigm. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2000; 117(5):575–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-5406(00)70204-6
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.