A Study of Prescribing Pattern in Patients of Hypertension


Affiliations

  • GMC, Patiala, Department of Pharmacology, Punjab, 147001, India
  • GMC, Patiala, Department of Medicine, Punjab, 147001, India

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a multi-factorial and complex disease that has both environmental and genetic determinants. It is the single most significant risk factor for heart diseases and kidney diseases. Hypertension is a leading contributor to global burden of morbidity and mortality. It is considered as a silent killer because most of the time it is asymptomatic and goes undetected. Hence, hypertensive patients should be prescribed properly. Objectives: To evaluate the prescribing pattern of anti-hypertensive drugs in patients of hypertension. Material and Methods: This was an observational, cross sectional study conducted over a period of 1 year on hypertensive patients attending the Cardiology out-patient department of Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prescriptions were evaluated. Results: 22% of prescriptions had monotherapy, amongst which beta-blockers were most commonly prescribed. Majority of prescriptions had two drug therapy (47%), among which ARB+ beta blockers (17%) were most frequently prescribed. Beta blockers +CCB (9%) was the most common Fixed Drug Combination (FDC) prescribed. ARB+beta blockers+diuretics (14%) and ACEI+ARB+beta blockers+diuretics (1%) were most commonly prescribed three drug combinations. Among four drug combinations, only ACEI+ARB+beta blockers+diuretics was prescribed to 1% patients. Hypolipidemic drugs (66%) were maximally co-prescribed. Conclusions: A high trend of polypharmacy was observed in hypertensive patients. So, emphasis is needed to reevaluate the prescribing trends in these patients.

Keywords

Anti-hypertensive Drugs, Fixed Drug Combination, Hypertension, Prescription Pattern, Drug Utilization

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy

Full Text:

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