Prevalence of different types of anaemias in patients having Haemoglobin below 8 gm%at a tertiary care hospital in Jalandhar
Background: Anemia is a condition in which the hemoglobin concentration in the blood is decreased, below the normal range. Peripheral blood smear examination and Bone marrow examinations are the two major tests done to evaluate anaemia. Materials and Methods: Study was conducted in Department of Pathology at PIMS Jalandhar. Total 100 patients having anemia (HB < 8gm%) was studied using PBF, Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. A random and non-consecutive selection of 100 anemic patients was done amongst the anemic population to study the pattern and causes of anemia. Result: This study showed that females form the majority of patients suffering from anemia. It can be the result of various causes; nutritional deficiency forms the majority of those causes. Conclusion: The present study found out high prevalence of anemia in both males and females. Anemia can be the presenting sign of various disorders which can be evaluated by Bone marrow examination.
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