A Study on Mycological Profile of Superficial Mycoses in a Rural Tertiary Care Hospital of Eastern India


  • IPGME&R, Department of Microbiology, Kolkata, West Bengal, 713104, India
  • Burdwan Medical College, Department of Microbiology, West Bengal, 713104, India
  • Burdwan Medical College, Depart of Community Medicine, West Bengal, 713104, India


Background: Superficial mycosis is a very common fungal infection worldwide of the skin, hair and nails by dermatophytes, non dermatophytes and yeasts. Though they do not cause mortality, but are important agents causing morbidity, cosmetic disfigurement and recurrence leading to a major public health problem. Aim: Determine the clinico-mycological correlation and prevalence of dermatophytosis. Material and Methods: A six months observational cross sectional study was conducted from July 2019-December 2019 on 156 clinically diagnosed cases of superficial mycosis with no systemic complaints. Specimens were examined macroscopically as well as microscopically by KOH and culture. Result: Dermatophytosis was more in the males <40 years. KOH positivity was 100% and dermatophytes were the commonest superficial fungal infection 101/156 (64.74%), followed by Candidiasis 36/156 (23.08%). Non dermatophyte moulds in 06/156 (3.85%) and Malassezia furfur in 13/156 (8.33%) cases. Trichophyton was the commonest dermatophyte isolated (52.47%). Conclusions: Non-dermatophytic fungi are emerging as an important cause of superficial mycoses.




Dermatophytes, Non-dermatophyte Moulds, Superficial Mycosis, Trichophyton

Subject Collection

Burdwan rural areas

Subject Discipline

Medical; Microbiology

Full Text:


Parul Patel, Summaiya Mulla, Disha Patel, Gauri shankar Shrimali. A Study of superficial mycosis in south Gujarat region. National Journal of Community Medicine 2010; 1: 85–88.

Das K, Basak S, Ray S. A Study on Superficial fungal infection from west Bengal: A brief report. J life science 2009; 1: 51–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/09751270.2009.11885134

S. Grover and P. Roy. Clinico-mycological profile of superficial mycosis in a hospital in North-East India. Med J. Armed Forces India 2003; 59(2): 114–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-1237 (03)80053-9

Sharath Kumar, D Shah, Mounika Kilari, Neelesh Kum ar S Shah. Clinico-mycological study of superficial fungal infections in coastal Karnataka, India. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 4 November 2013; 2(44): 8638–8646.

Khadka S, Sherchand JB, Pokharel DB, Pokhrel BM, Mishra SK, Dhital S, Rijal B. Clinicomycological Characterization of Superficial Mycoses from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Nepal. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Dermatology Research and Practice; 2016, Article ID 9509705. 01–07. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/9509705

Sudha M, Ramani CP, Anandan H. Prevalence of dermatophytosis in patients in a tertiary care centre. Int J Contemp Med Res 2016; 3(8): 2399–2401.

WeitzmanI, Summerbell RC. The dermatophytes. Clin Microbiol Rev 1995; 8: 240–59. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.8.2.240

Rippon J. Medical mycology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.; 1988.

M. Ameen. Epidemiology of superficial fungal infections. Clinics in Dermatology. 2010; 28(2): 197–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2009.12.005

B. E. Elewski. Onychomycosis: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 1998; 11(3); 415–429. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.11.3.415

M. Sharma and R. Sharma, Profile of dermatophytic and other fungal infections in Jaipur. Indian J. Microbiol. 2012; 52(2): 270–274. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-011-0217-z

H. D. Isenberg. Mycology and antifungal susceptibility testing. in Clinical Microbiology Procedure Handbook , L.S. Gracia and H. D. Isenberg, Eds., 2: 8.0.1–8.10.7, ASM Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2nd edition, 2004.

Vijaykumar R, Muthukumar C, Kumar T, Saravanamuthu R. Characterization of Malassezia furfur and its control by using plant extracts. Indian J Dermatol 2006; 51: 145–8. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5154.26942

Abida Malik, Nazish Fatima, Parvez Anwar Khan A ClinicoMycological Study of Superficial Mycoses from a Tertiary Care Hospital of a North Indian Town. Virol-mycol (2014); 3: 135. https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-0517.1000135

Havlickova B, Czaika VA, Friedrich M. Epidemiological trends in skin mycoses worldwide. Mycoses 2008; 51(4): 2–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2008.01606.x

Hazarika D, Jahan N, Sharma A. Changing trend of superficial mycoses with increasing nondermatophyte mold infection: A clinicomycological study at a tertiary referral center in Assam. Indian Journal of Dermatology 2019; 6(4); 261–65. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_579_18

Kannan P, Janaki C, Selvi GS Prevalence of dermatophytes and other fungal agents isolated from clinical samples. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2006; 24: 212–215.

English MP. Nails and fungi. Br J Dermatol 1976; 94: 697– 701. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.1976.tb05171.x

Ajello L Geographic distribution and prevalence of the Dermatophytes. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1960; 89: 30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1960.tb20127.x

Singh S. Beena P M. Profile of Dermatophyte Infections in Baroda. Indian J of Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2003; 69: 4: 281 – 3.

S. Munir, F. Ganaie, B. Kumar, R. Tewari, and S. Badakshaan, “Epidemiologic, Clinico-mycological aspects of fungal infections of skin and its appendages,” Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Science 2014; 3(16): 4212–4219. https://doi.org/10.14260/jemds/2014/2420

Bindu V, Pavithran K. Clinicomycological study of Dermatophytosis in Calicut. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2002; 68: 259–61.

Sen SS, Rasul ES. Dermatophytosis in Assam. Indian J Med Microbiol 2006; 24:77–8. https://doi.org/10.4103/02550857.19907

Greer DL Evolving role of non dermatophytes in onychomycosis. Int J Dermatol 1995; 34: 52–59. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4362.1995.tb02942.x

Vinod S, Grover S, Dash K, Singh G. A clinico-mycological evaluation of onchomycosis. Ind J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2000; 66: 238–240.


  • There are currently no refbacks.