Impact of bio-intensive integrated pest management practices on insect pests and grain yield in basmati rice


  • Punjab Agricultural University, Biocontrol Section, Department of Entomology, Ludhiana, Punjab, 141004, India


Bio-intensive pest management practices were compared with farmer’s practices and untreated control in basmati rice at village Sahauli (Punjab). BIPM practices involved green manuring; seed treatment; alternate wetting and drying of the field; installation of pheromone traps and bird perches; augmentative releases of Trichogramma spp.; spray of Neem oil 1%. The farmer’s practices comprised the applications of chemical insecticides. The mean leaffolder damage was 3.12, 1.90 and 5.41 per cent in BIPM, farmer’s practice and untreated control, respectively. The dead heart incidence was 2.49 per cent in BIPM, 1.16 per cent in farmer’s practice and 4.30 per cent in untreated control. Similarly, the mean incidence of white earheads was 3.31, 1.78 and 5.06 per cent in BIPM, farmer’s practice and untreated control, respectively. Highest grain yield was recorded in farmer’s practice fields (30.63 q/ha) followed by yield in BIPM fields (28.07 q/ha). These yields were significantly better than untreated control (25.18 q/ha).The population of natural enemies was higher in BIPM fields as compared to farmer’s practiced fields.


Basmati, bio-Intensive pest management, leaf folder, natural enemies, stem borer

Full Text:


Aggarwal N, Sharma S, Jalali SK. 2016. On-farm impact of biocontrol technology against rice stem borer, Scircophaga incertulas (Walker) and rice leaf folder Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) in aromatic rice. Entomol Gen. 36: 137–148. entomologia/2016/0135

APEDA. 2017. Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority. Available at: http: // agriexchange. Basmati_Rice.aspx

Garg DK, Kumar P, Singh RN, Pathak M. 2002. Role of parasitoid Trichogramma japonicum and other natural enemies in the management of yellow stemborer and leaffolder in basmati rice. Indian J Entomol. 64:117–123.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, USA, 704 p.

GRiSP. 2013. Global Rice Science Partnership – Rice Almanac, 4th edition. International Rice Research Institute, Los Ba-os, Philippines, 283 p.

IRRI. 2011. Opportunities for global rice research in a changing World, Technical Bulletin No. 15, International Rice Research Institute, Los Ba-os, Philippines, 25 p.

Karthikeyan K, Jacob S, Beevi P, Purushothaman SM. 2010. Evaluation of different integrated pest management modules for the management of major pests of rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J Agric Sci.: 80: 59–62.

Karthikeyan K, Jacob S, Purushothaman SM. 2007. Field evaluation of egg parasitoids, Trichogramma japonicum Ashmead and Trichogramma chilonis Ishii, against rice yellow stemborer and leaffolder. J Biol Control 21: 145–148.

Kaur R, Brar KS, Singh J, Shenhmar M. 2007. Large scale evaluation of bio-intensive management for leaf folder and stem borer on basmati rice. J Biol Control 21: 255–259.

Khan RA, Khan JA, Jamil FF, Hamed M. 2005. Resistance of different Basmati rice varieties to stem borers under different control tactics of BIPM and evaluation of yield. Pak J Bot. 37: 319–324.

Kumar S, Khan MA. 2005. Bio-efficacy of Trichogramma spp against yellow stem borer and leaf folder in rice ecosystem. Ann Plant Protect Sci. 13: 97–99.

Kumar S, Maurya RP, Khan MA. 2007. Impact of biointensive pest management strategies on yellow stem borer and leaf folder in rice and their effect on the economics of production. J Entomol Res. 31:11–13.

Matteson PC. 2000. Insect pest management in tropical Asian irrigated rice. Ann Rev Entomol. 45: 549–574

Sagheer M, Ashfaq M, Mansoor-ul-Hasan, Rana SA. 2008. Integration of some biopesticides and Trichogramma chilonis for the sustainable management of rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Pak J Agri Sci. 45: 69–74.

Sharma OP, Garg DK, Trivedi TP, Satpal C, Singh SP. 2008. Evaluation of pest management strategies in organic and conventional Taraori Basmati Rice (Oryza Sativa L) farming system. Indian J Agric Sci. 78: 862–867.

Sharma S, Aggarwal N. 2014. Time-linked dosage appraisal of Trichogrammatids against Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenée) and Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) in organic aromatic rice. Eco Environ Conserv. 20: 111–118.

Singh J. 2011. Impact Assessment study of IPM Basmati Project for Boosting Diversification Process in Punjab. Navajbai Rata Tata Trust, Mumbai, India, 43 p.

USDA-FAS. 2016. World Agricultural Production. Available at: worldag-production-12-09-2016.pdf


  • There are currently no refbacks.