Organization of the Corpus Luteum in a Caecilian Gegeneophis ramaswamii
Corpus luteum is a transient and well known endocrine gland that develops from the ruptured follicles in the female vertebrate ovaries, immediately after ovulation. A major source of progesterone, this gland is concerned with gestation in the viviparous animals and retention of eggs in the oviduct in the oviparous species. Caecilians are a group of amphibians with several aspects of reproductive anatomy and physiology unique. In as much as corpus lutem has been described in a few caecilian species, it has not been described from ultrastructural perspectives. Here in we describe the ultrastructural features of corpus luteum of a single specimen of Gegeneophis ramaswamii, which was captured immediately after it laid the eggs. The corpus luteum is formed by three types of cells, namely granulosa lutein cells, thecal lutein cells and phagocytic cells. Both the types of lutein cells are characterized by abundant mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. The granulose lutein cells abound with discrete granules. The phagocytic cells engage in phagocytosing cell debris. The cellular features are discussed in relation to information from oviparous as well as viviparous vertebrates. Thus, the paper describes, for the first time the corpus luteum of a caecilian from ultrastructural perspectives.
Corpus Luteum, Endothelium, Theca, SER, Follicle Cell.
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