Spasmogenic Activity of Butanolic Leaf Extract of Spondias mombin in Isolated Uterine Muscle of the Rat: Role of Calcium


  • University of Nigeria, Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria


Objective: To investigate the role of calcium [Ca2+] on uterine muscle contraction induced by butanolic leaf extract of Spondias mombin (Anacardiaceae). Materials and methods: Dried leaves of S.mombin were exhausively extracted with n-hexane and 80% ethanol. The 80% ethanol extract was partitioned in dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water. The butanolic extract was tested for spasmogenicity on isolated uterine muscle strips of the rat using conventional methods. Results: The extract contracted the uterine muscle concentration-dependently (EC50, 0.08 mg/ml). The responses to the extract (0.14 mg/ ml) were abolished in Ca2+-free media with or without EGTA and by verapamil (0.18 μg/ml). The contractions were similarly abolished by LaCl3 but significantly (P+ depolarization (20 mmol) from fast phasic to a tonic contracture. Both isoprenaline (0.1 μmol) and salbutamol (0.1 μmol) inhibited the extract induced contractions which were reversed by propranolol (0.03 μmol). Conclusion: Butanolic leaf extract of S. mombin contracts uterine muscle of the rat primarily through voltage-dependent extracellular Ca2+ entry channel.


Calcium, Contraction, Extract, Spondias mombin, Uterus.

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

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