Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Gandarusa (Gendarussa vulgaris Nees) and Soursoup (Annona muricata L) Extracts in LPS Stimulated-Macrophage Cell (RAW264.7)


Affiliations

  • University of Pancasila, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Aretha Medika Utama, Biomoleculer and Biomedical Research Center, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Aretha Medika Utama, Biomoleculer and Biomedical Research Center, Bandung, West java, Indonesia
  • Maranatha Christian University, Medical Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

Inflammation is one of the important biological responses to injury. Anti-inflammatory is therefore proposed to treat both acute and chronic inflammation. Chemical compounds of various plants are widely used in treatment of inflammation. Objective: This study aims to evaluate anti-inflammatory potential of G. vulgaris extract (GVE) and A. muricata extract (AME) on LPS-stimulated murine macrophage cell line (RAW264.7). Cell viability assay to evaluate nontoxic concentration in cell line was performed with MTS assay. Parameters to determine anti-inflammatory activity between treatment group and non treated cells, were IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 which was measured with Elisa, and NO level which was measured with nitrate/nitrite colorimetric assay. Both GVE and AME of 50 and 10 μg/mL showed high viability (>90%) and it was not significantly different compared to control, makes it suitable for treatment. GVE and AME of 50 μg/mL resulted low TNF-α level in RAW264.7(313.16pg/mL and 264.69 pg/mL respectively), as well as IL-1β level (903.53 pg/mL and 905.00 pg/mL respectively) and IL-6 (175.88 pg/mL and 219.13 pg/mL respectively). Whereas, GVE and AME of 75 μg/mL showed lower NO level (9.76 μM and 9.79 μM respectively) compared to untreated cells. This research revealed that GVE and AME possess the anti-inflammatory potential indicated by inhibition of inflammatory mediators including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and NO.

Keywords

Annona muricata L, Anti-iflammtory, Gendarussa vulgaris Nees, RAW264.7 Cell Line

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Full Text:

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