Electrochemical Determination of Zn2+ Ion Using Diphenylamine/Single Walled Carbon Nanotube/Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode


Affiliations

  • Gauhati University, Department of Chemistry, Guwahati, 781 014, India

Abstract

Diphenylamine encapsulated inside a composite film of single walled carbon nano tube (SWCNT) and cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) on the surface of Glassy Carbon (GC) electrode can be converted into diphenylbenzidine on application of a potential of +0.600 V versus Ag-AgCl reference electrode for 60 seconds. This modified electrode, in tris buffer solution (pH 7.0), shows reversible cyclic voltammogram due to diphenylbenzidine/diphenylbenzidine violet redox couple. This cyclic voltammogram is observed in pure CTAB film but not observed inside the film of pure SWCNT, polyvinyl pyrollidone or TX-100. In the SWCNT + CTAB film the redox potential is ca. +0.430 V. The oxidation and reduction currents of the modified electrode decreases with the increase in the concentration of Zn2+ ion in the electrolytic solution. The relative decrease is found to be 0.60 to 0.65. The ions such as Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+, do not affect the redox currents. Diphenylbenzidine/SWCNT/CTAB modified GC electrode can determine Zn2+ ion concentration in the range 20 × 10-6 mol L-1 to 200 × 10-6 mol L-1 while diphenylbenzidine/CTAB modified GC electrode can determine between 0.2 × 10-6 mol L-1 to 2 × 10-6 mol L-1. A mechanism for the electrochemical inactivation of the electrode by Zn2+ ions has been proposed.

Keywords

Diphenylamine, Zinc, Cyclic Voltammetry, Surfactant, Glassy Carbon Electrode, Indium Doped Glass Electrode.

Subject Discipline

Chemistry

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