Removal of Phenolic Compounds from Synthetic Solution and Oil Mill Waste Water by Adsorption onto Nanoparticles Synthesized from Phosphate Rock


Affiliations

  • Polydisciplinaire de Béni-Mellal, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques, Faculté Polydisciplinaire de Béni-Mellal, Morocco
  • Université Cadi Ayyad, Laboratoire d’Hydrobiologie, Écotoxicologie, Assainissement and Changements Globaux (LHEAC,URAC33), Faculté des Sciences Semlalia, Morocco
  • Université Cadi Ayyad, Equipe de Physico-chimie des Matériaux, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Morocco

Abstract

In this work, we studied the elimination of phenol compounds from phenolic solutions and Oil Mill Waste Water (OMWW) by adsorption method. The adsorbents used are natural phosphate rock coming from Khouribga phosphate mine (Morocco) and an Apatite synthesized from this phosphate by a dissolution–precipitation reactions. Results obtained showed that the structure of natural phosphate and synthesized apatite are respectively Ca9.55(PO4)4.96F1.96 (CO3)1.283 and (Ca10(OH)2(PO4)6). Synthesized apatite has a higher specific surface than natural phosphate (193.62m2/g). The adsorption study showed that the synthesized apatite can be used as an adsorbent to remove phenol from water with very fast reaction kinetics (about 10 min) and an adsorption capacity equal to 15mg/g. The optimal adsorption capacity was found in low values of temperature and in neutral pH. Adsorption kinetics of phenol solution on the two adsorbents can be described by an equation corresponding to a pseudo second order. Freundlich model fitted well with the adsorption isotherms more than the Langmuir model. Characterization of olive mill wastewater shows that, phenol index equal to 0.39 g/l and chemical oxygen demand COD equal to 158 g/l. The treatment of OMWW by adsorption method on the two adsorbents shows that the use of natural phosphate as adsorbent reduced phenol index by 23% and (COD) by 35% while using synthesized apatite reduced phenol index by 30% and COD by 38%.

Keywords

Adsorption, Apatite Nanoparticles, Oil Mill Waste Water (OMWW), Phenol, Phosphate Rock

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