Determinants of Capital Structure: Evidence from Indian Stock Market with Special Reference to Capital Goods, FMCG, Infrastructure and IT sector


  • M. P. Birla Institute of Management, Bengaluru, India
  • Reva University, School of Commerce, Bengaluru, India


The current study aims to examine the relationship between various identified determinants (Profitability, Tangibility, Growth Rate, Business Risk, Size and Non Debt tax shield) and its impact on financial leverage (CS) decisions of Capital goods, FMCG, Infrastructure and IT sector in Indian Stock market. In order to realise the stated objectives of the study the researchers have collected data from the published financial statements of quoted firms in the Indian stock market from the above mentioned sectors for a period of ten years (2006-2015). In the very first step,we tested the data by using multico1tinearity test and then we use linear multiple regression model to investigate the impact of chosen independent variables on CS (leverage) decisions in Indian capital market. Later, residual diagnostic CS, such as Serial correlation test, Heteroskedasticity Test, Normality and CUSUM test have been run to assess the strength of the constructed regression model. The results show that ER (Earnings), TA (Tangibility) and GR (Growth) were the major determinants in case of capital goods sector and ER (Earnings), TA (Tangibility), GR (Growth), Size and NDTS were the major factors for the FMCG sector. GR (Growth), BR (Business Risk) and Size for the Infrastructure sectors and ER (Earnings), BR (Business Risk) and Size were the major factors for the IT sector. The study revealed inconsistency in independent variables influencing the financial leverage component, though there is statistical support for the proposed determinants with respect to earnings and growth rate influencing the financial leverage.


Leverage, CUSUM Test, Heteroskedasticity, NDTS, Pecking Order Theory.

Subject Discipline

Financial Management

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