Toxicological Effects of Lambda-Cyhalothrin on Liver, Kidney and Testis of Indian Catfish Clarias batrachus


Affiliations

  • Barkatullah University, Department of Bioscience, Bhopal, India
  • Lovely Professional University, Department of Biotechnology, Phagwara, India
  • Lovely Professional University, Department of Zoology, Phagwara, India

Abstract

Aquatic organisms come in direct contact with the pesticides that sprayed onto the agricultural lands are washed out by the rain water. Fishes are affected by exposure to these pesticides. The present study was conducted to determine the toxicity of lambda cyhalothrin on the kidney, liver & testis and biochemical, hematological, behavioural parameters of Clarias batrachus. Control group fed with normal diet and kept for 15 and 30 days. The treated groups included normal diet along with 1.33 μg L-1 of Lambda-cyhalothrin for 15 days and 30 days. The treatment group exhibited disrupted shoaling behaviour characterized by irregular, erratic, and darting swimming movements and loss of equilibrium. Administration of lambda cyhalothrin also causes damage to the tissues of the testes, kidney and liver. Marked changes in the histo-architecture of these organs were observed. All these results suggest that the lambda cyhalothrin induced changes in C. batrachus directly or indirectly by modulating the physiological functions in the fishes.

Keywords

Insecticide, Behavioural Studies, Histopathology, Haematology, Enzymology.

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

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