Toxicological Effects of Cypermethrin on Female Albino Rats


Affiliations

  • Punjab Agricultural University, Departments of Zoology, Ludhiana, 141004, India
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Departments of Entomology, Ludhiana, 141004, India

Abstract

A study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of cypermethrin on reproduction of female albino rats. The experimental rats were fed cypermethrin at 50 mg/kg b. wt. continuously for a period of 2 and 4 weeks. Feed and water intake was also noted daily for control, vehicle treated and cypermethrin-treated rats. It was observed that there was no effect on feed and water intake in treated rats as compared to the control group. Chronic exposure to cypermethrin for 4 weeks resulted in loose fecal pellets and hyperirritability in the treated rats. Treatment related mortality also occurred at the 4th wk of treatment. Significant changes in body weight and various organ weights due to cypermethrin were observed along with disruption of estrous cycle in rats. The body weight gain in treated rats was lower at both 2 and 4 weeks as compared to the control rats. The weight of liver and spleen decreased, while that of kidneys increased as compared to the control rats. Thyroid and adrenal showed increase in weight at both 2 and 4 weeks of treatments.

Keywords

Cypermethrin, endocrine glands, female rats, heart, kidney, liver, lungs, spleen

Subject Discipline

Zoology

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