Anti-hepatotoxic Potential of Indigofera tinctoria and its isolated Isothiocyanate compound ‘ITC-1’ against NPYR-CCl4 Intoxicated Mice


Affiliations

  • Alpine Group of Management and Technology, Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
  • Banasthali University, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Vanasthali, Rajasthan, 304022, India

Abstract

Isothiocyanate derivative from hydroethanolic extract of Indigofera tinctoria (HEIT) was previously isolated, purified and characterized as 1-[1,2-Diisothiocyanato-2-(3-isothiocyanato-2,2-dimethyl-propylsulfanyl)-ethoxy]-3-isothiocyanato-2,2-dimethyl-propane (C16H22N4OS5; m/z 446.70; ITC-1). To elucidate hepatoprotective efficacy, liver toxicity was induced in mice via intoxication of N-Nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR) followed by CCl4 for 50 days. Both low and high doses of crude HEIT were given orally to NPYR treated mice for 21 days. Silymarin was also administered to compare the results. After completion of post treatment, various hepatic toxicity markers were evaluated. Results showed that both doses of HEIT and ITC-1 have successfully normalized the levels of AST, ALT (P<0.001 v/s NPYR treated group), ALP and bilirubin (P<0.01). ITC-1 has showed better remedial response against liver toxicity in comparison to Silymarin. Thus, we concluded that both I. tinctoria and ‘ITC-1’ have future remedial aspect in diminution of hepatic toxicity.

Keywords

AST, Bilirubin, Hepatic Toxicity, Indigofera tinctoria, Isothiocyanate Compounds, Silymarin

Subject Discipline

Science; Life science

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