Differential Specification of Various Insecticides and their Environmental Degradation


Affiliations

  • Lovely Professional University, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Phagwara, Punjab, 144401, India

Abstract

Insecticides are tremendously applied to regulate insect pest population world widely. Various chemical categories of insecticide possess different mode of action and differential chemical interaction with various cellular biomolecules which ultimately results, in induction of species specific, sequential biochemical processes, within exposed organisms. The concerned biochemical processes occur through differential expression of various genetic elements which are eventually responsible for specificity of insecticides. Various insecticides affect cellular enzymes, ion channels, specific receptors, electron transport chain etc. which ultimately results in disruption of normal functionality of; nervous system, mitochondrial activity, exoskeleton integrity, midgut nutrient absorption ability, lipid bio-synthesis process, normal developmental pattern and mating behavior of insect pests. The purpose of this review is to provide comprehensive insight of different classes of insecticides, mode of action of concerned chemical categories, specific toxicity to target as well as non-target organisms and further, enzymatically degradation of concerned xenobiotics in living organisms and chemical degradation in environment.

Keywords

Degradation of Insecticides, Differential Specificity, Insecticides, Mode of Action

Subject Discipline

Toxicology

Full Text:

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