Potential Protective Effects of Selenium and Zinc against Thyroid Toxicity Induced by Nickel in Preimplanted Wistar Albino Rats


Affiliations

  • BATNA-2 University, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Physio-Toxicology-Pathology and Biomolecules, Department of Biology of Organismes, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Batna, 5000, Algeria

Abstract

Nickel Is A Heavy Metal That May Affect The Function Of The Thyroid. The Present Study Was Undertaken To Assess The Protective Effects Of Selenium And Zinc Against Nickel-induced Thyrotoxicity In Preimplanted Wistar Albino Rats. Nickel Is Administered Alone (100 Mg/kg Body Weight) Subcutaneously Or In Combination With Selenium (0.3 Mg/kg Body Weight) Either With Zinc (20 Mg/kg Body Weight) Or Combined With Both Selenium And Zinc. All Groups Of Rats Were Injected On Day 3 Of Gestation In The Pre-implantation Period. Exposure Of Rats To Nickel Caused A Significant Decrease In Maternal Body Weight On Days 6 And 20 Of Gestation And An Increase In Absolute And Relative Thyroid Weight Compared To The Controls. Nickel Treatment Was Also Led In Decreased Plasma Triiodothyronine, Thyroxine With A Concomitant Significant Increase In Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Levels When Compared To Control. These Changes Were Confirmed By Histological Damages. However, Co-administration Of Selenium And/or Zinc To Nickel-treated Rats Restored The Hormonal And Histological Aspects. Our Findings Suggested That Selenium And Zinc Ameliorated Nickel Induced Thyroid Damage.


Keywords

Nickel, Preimplanted Rat, Thyroid Hormones, Selenium, Zinc

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