Comparing Organizational Socialization Techniques and Organizational Identification in Governmental and Private Knowledge- Based Organizations


  • Department of Management, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Psychology, anandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Psychology, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Marketing Managemen, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic of


The present study aimed to examine and compare organizational socialization techniques and organizational identification in governmental and private knowledge-based organizations. With regard to its objective, the present study was an applied research, and regarding its method, it was a comparative one. The statistical population included all employees working in governmental and private knowledge-based organizations of Kurdistan Province. A total number of 280 completed questionnaires were returned to the researcher. In order to collect the required data, the standard questionnaires of Organizational Socialization Techniques with 26 items in 6 components and Organizational Identification with 6 items in 3 components were employed. The validity of the questionnaires was checked through content validity, and their reliability was checked using Cronbach’s Alpha which was 0.831 and 0.817 for socialization techniques and organizational identification, respectively. Data analysis was carried out at descriptive and analytical levels using appropriate software. The results indicated that there was no significant between governmental and private knowledge-based organizations in terms of organizational socialization techniques and organizational identification. With regard to the relationship between socialization and organizational identification, a significant relationship between the variables was seen, such that proven method in governmental knowledge-based organizations and authentication method in private knowledge-based organizations had the highest impact on the employees’ identification. In the end, some recommendations are presented for the managers of the organizations to employ newcomers


Knowledge-Based Organizations, Organizational Identification, Socialization Techniques

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