Heavy Metals Pb, Cu, Co, Ni and Cr Determination Estimation of Biochemical Functions in Mosses in Reference to Chlorophyll along with Elements Zn, Mn and Fe Content in some Residential Sites Using Moss Octoblepharum albidum Hedw


  • Lucknow (U.P.)
  • Department of Botany University of Lucknow, Lucknow (U.P.)




Heavy Metals, Pollution, Residential Areas, Moss, Bio-Monitoring.


Some residential area of Lucknow were surveyed and Moss Octoblepharum albidum Hedw samples were collected from some selected residential colonies. Samples were collected from soils and moist brick walls and analysed for determination of heavy metals Pb, Cu, Co, Cr and Ni. Samples collected from Garden and Monument areas were treated as Control. Samples collected from Residential areas showed higher level of heavy metals in comparison to the samples collected from Garden and Monument sites. Higher content of lead, Copper and Cobalt was found in the residential areas as compared to the Garden and monument areas. However variable results were obtained with regard to chlorophyll content and Zn, Mn and Fe content in moss samples collected from different locations of Lucknow.


Metrics Loading ...


Andersen, A., Hovmand, M.F. and Johnson, I. (1978) Atmospheric heavy metal deposition in the Copenhagen area. Environ. Pollut., 17, 133-151.

Balaji, M. and Rao, K.S. (2000) Size dependent bioaccumulation of heavy metals by Mytilopsis sallei (Recluz,) at Visakhapatnam harbour. Indian J. Exp. Biol., 38, 405-407.

Cameron, A.J. and Nickless, G. (1977) Use of mosses as collectors of airborne heavy metals near a smelting complex. Water Air Soil Pollut., 7, 117-125.

Carballeira, A.J., Cento, A. and Frandez, J.A. (2002) Estimation of background levels of various elements in terrestrial mosses from Galicia (N.W. Spain). Water Air Soil Pollut., 133, 235-252.

Chung, Y. (1993) Ground water quality standards and establishment of standards in ground watercontamination. A report submitted to Korea Environment Science Council Seoul, Korea.

Cymerman, S., Kolon, A.K. and Kembers, A.J. (2002) Heavy metals in aquatic bryophytes from the ore mountains (Germany). Ecotoxicol Environ. Saf., 52, 203-210.

Ellison, G., Newman, J., Pinchin, M.J. and Thompson I. (1976) Heavy metal content of moss in the region of consett (North East England). Environ Pollut., 11, 167-174.

Fernandez, J.A., Aboal, J.P., Cento, J.A. and Carballeira A. (2002) Sampling optimization of the sampling site scale for monitoring atmospheric deposition using moss. Chemistry, 36, 1103-1172.

Glooschenko, W.A. and Capobianco, J.A. (1978) Metal content of Sphagnum mosses from 2 northern Canadian bog ecosystem. Water Air Soil Pollut., 10, 215-220.

Goodman, G.T. and Roberts, T.M. (1971) Plants and soils as indicators of metals in the air. Nature, 231, 287-292.

Gorham, E. and Tilton, D.L. (1978) The mineral content of Sphagnum fuscumas affected by human settlement. Can J. Bot., 56, 2755-2759.

Grodzinska, K. (1978) Mosses as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution in Polish National Parks. Water Air Soil Pollut., 9, 83-97.

Grodzinska, K., Grazyna S. and Godzik B. (1990) Heavy metal deposition in Polish National Parks changes during ten years. Water Air Soil Pollut., 49, 409-419.

Groet, S.S. (1976) Regional and local variations in heavy metal concentrations of bryophytes in the north eastern. United States. Okios, 27, 445-456.

Gupta, A. (1995) Heavy metal accumulation by three species of mosses in Shillong, North eastern India. Water Air Soil Pollut., 82, 751-756.

Huckabee, J.W. (1973) Mosses: Sensitive indicators of airborne mercury pollution. Atoms. Environ., 7, 749-754.

Kajita, M., Takio, S., Takami, S. and Hino, S. (1987) Establishment and growth characterization of suspension culture of cells from the moss Sphagnum imbricatum. Physiol. Plant, 70, 21.

Katosh, K. (1983) Photosynthesis and photoassimilation of glucose during photomixotrophic growth of Marchantia polymorpha cells in susention culture. Physiol. Plant, 57, 67-74.

Komai, Y. (1981) Heavy metal pollution in urban soil of Japan. In: Yamane, I. and Kitagishi K. (Eds.). Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, pp. 193-218.

Little, P. and Martin, M.H. (1974) Biological monitoring of heavy metal pollution. Environ. Pollut., 6, 1-19.

Lukaszewska, S., Grodzika, G.K. and Braniwski, S. (2002) Heavy metal concentration in the moss Pleuroziumschreberi in the Niepolomice Forest, Poland: changes during 20 years. Environ. Monit. Assess., 79, 231-237

Mayer, A.M. and Gorham, E. (1951) The irons and manganese content of plant present in the natural vegetation of the English lake district. Ann. Bot., 15, 247-263.

Nieboer, E. and Richardson, D.H.S. (1980) The replacement of the non descript term heavy metals by a biologically and chemically significant classification of metal ions. Environ. Pollut., 1B, 3-26.

Pilegaard, K. (1979) Heavy metals is a bulk precipitation and transplanted Hypogymnia physodes and Dicranoweisia cirrata in the vanity of Danish Steelwork. Water Air Soil Pollut., 11, 77-91.

Ratcliffe, J.N. (1975) An evaluation of the use of biological indicator in an atmospheric lead survey. Atmos. Environ., 9, 623-629.

Reimann, C., Kopler, F., Kashulina, G., Nikavaara, H. and Englmier, P. (2001) Influence of extreme pollution on the inorganic chemical composition of some plants Environ. Pollut., 115, 239-252.

Rinne, K.J.K. and Barclay, E.P. (1980) Heavy metals as a feather moss. Pleurozium schreberi and in soil in N.W. Ontario, Canada Okios, 34, 59-67.

Ruhling, A. and Tyler, G. (1970) Sorption and retention of heavy metals in the woodland moss Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Okios, 21, 92-97.

Schilling, Janathan, S. and Lehman, M.E. (2002) Bioindication of atmospheric heavy metals deposition in the south eastern US using the moss Thudium delicatulum. Atmos. Environ., 36, 1611-1618.

Solberg, Y. and Selmer - Olsen, A.R. (1978) Studies on the chemistry of Lichens and mosses XVII Mercury content of several Lichens and moss species collected in Norway. Bryologist, 81, 144-149.

Wallin, T. (1976) Deposition of airborne mercury from six Swedish chlor-alkali plants surveyed by moss analysis. Environ. Pollut., 10, 101-114.

Yeaple, D.S. (1972) Mercury in bryophytes (moss). Nature (London), 235, 229-230.

Zoltals, C. (1988) Distribution of Base metals in peat near a smetter flim flon Monitoba. Water Air Soil Pollut., 37, 217-228.




How to Cite

Misra, M., & Tandon, P. K. (2015). Heavy Metals Pb, Cu, Co, Ni and Cr Determination Estimation of Biochemical Functions in Mosses in Reference to Chlorophyll along with Elements Zn, Mn and Fe Content in some Residential Sites Using Moss <I>Octoblepharum albidum</I> Hedw. Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health, 15(1-2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.18311/jeoh/2015/1644