Influence of Different Light Intensities on Growth, Survival and Hatchling Success in the Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis

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  • Department of Studies in Zoology, Karnataka University, Dharwad (Karnataka), 580 003 ,IN
  • Department of Studies in Zoology, Karnataka University, Dharwad (Karnataka), 580 003 ,IN
  • Department of Studies in Zoology, Karnataka University, Dharwad (Karnataka), 580 003 ,IN
  • Department of Studies in Zoology, Karnataka University, Dharwad (Karnataka), 580 003 ,IN
  • Department of Studies in Zoology, Karnataka University, Dharwad (Karnataka), 580 003 ,IN



Mosquitofish, Survival, Hatchling, Light Intensity, Viviparous Fish, Gambusia affinis.


In this study, we examined growth, survival and reproductive success of the viviparous fish Gambusia affinis exposed to different light intensities. The specific growth and survival rates were significantly lower in fish exposed to low light intensity (1250 lx) compared to those of controls, whereas these parameters were not significantly different in fish maintained at moderate (2900 lx) and high (4050 lx) light intensities. The condition factor was good in control fish compared to those kept in artificial light. Maximum numbers of early and late stage embryos were found in the abdominal cavity of fish exposed to moderate and high intensity light respectively. However, highest number of juveniles was recorded from fish maintained at high intensity light. These results suggest that low intensity light affects growth and survival rate, but hatchling success is maximized at high illumination condition in G. affinis.


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Ganesh, C. B., Menage, N., Pujari, P., Olekar, R., & Revankar, S. (2015). Influence of Different Light Intensities on Growth, Survival and Hatchling Success in the Mosquitofish <I>Gambusia affinis</I>. Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health, 15(1-2), 39–44.






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