Knowledge of and Attitude Towards Medical Errors among Medical Students, Jeddah, KSA


  • Family and Community Medicine Department, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Health Professions Education Center, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah
  • Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University


Malpractice, Medical Errors, Medical Negligence, Patient Safety Based Medical Education, Perception


Background: Failure to complete the intended plan of action or implementing the incorrect plan to achieve an aim or intended outcome is an example of medical errors. It is a deviation from the care process that may or may not result in harm. Objectives: To determine the knowledge and attitude of medical students towards medical errors and predictors for their perception among medical students, Jeddah, KSA 2022. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted including convenient sample of 306 Saudi medical students using specially designed pre-coded, closed ended online format. Data was presented as frequencies, means and standard deviations and analyzed using Chi-square and independent t-test. Scores for knowledge of general concepts, preventive aspects and attitude and perception scores were calculated. Multivariate analyses were conducted with forward stepwise (Wald) method to determine independent predictors for medical errors. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There were significant difference between studied students’ groups regarding knowledge of general concepts (p = 0.025) and preventive methods (p = 0.000), attitude towards some aspects of medical errors (p = 0.000) and total perception of medical errors (p = 0.031). College type (OR = -3.8, p = 0.000), curriculum-based patient safety course (OR = 4.2, p = 0.000) and history of previous exposure to medical errors (OR = 2.9, p = 0.035) were predictors for the level of student perception. Conclusion: Medical errors reporting and patient safety are among the main pillars of quality in healthcare system. Its achievement necessitates individual and team commitment. Medical students who had patient safety course before showed significant different perspectives regarding incidence and management of medical errors between private and governmental hospitals.


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How to Cite

Hanafi Mahmoud, M. I., M. Aljahdali, H. M., A. Bukhari, A. A., A. Bayazeed, A. M., D. Algarni, S. M., Abdel Nasser, A., & Saifalyazal, M. E. (2023). Knowledge of and Attitude Towards Medical Errors among Medical Students, Jeddah, KSA. Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health. Retrieved from




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