Occupation, Caloric Intake and Rest during Day Time of Pregnant Women and Birth Weight and Gestational Age of the Baby


  • Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University Karad, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Satara, Maharashtra, 500014, India


With the social and economic changes in recent years, women’s role has also significantly changed and with a considerable share of the job market, i.e., 42%. If the burden of pregnancy and child birth is added to it, it could be stressful to the mother and likely to affect the birth weight as well as gestational age of the baby adversely. A study to find out relationship between occupation of women and the birth weight and gestational age of the baby was undertaken at Krishna Hospital; Karad. The data was collected on randomly selected 380 pregnant women by using structured interview schedule at registration and followed them till delivery. Data was analyzed in respect to the objectives of the study by using descriptive and inferential statistics. There were 23(6.0%) heavy workers. All of them were working on road construction sites and delivered 19(82.8%) Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies out of them 06(26.1%) were preterm births. The mean birth weight and Gestational age of babies born to heavy workers were 2199.1 ± 488.5g and 262.3±18.6 days as compared to 2764.4 ± 463.7g and 274.0±13.4 days for moderate workers 2688.8± 475.5g and 275.6±13.1 days for sedentary workers respectively. The study concluded that heavy maternal physical activity had a significant deleterious effect on birth weight and gestational age.


Birth Weight, Gestational Age, Low Birth Weight, Maternal Risk Factors, Preterm Birth

Subject Discipline


Full Text:


Rao S, Kanade A, Margetts BM, Yajnik CS, Lubree H, Rege S, Desai B, Jackson A, Fall CHD. Maternal activity in relation to birth size in rural India. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study Eur J Clin Nurr. 2003 Apr; 57(4):531–42. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601582

Gopalan C, Sastri BVR, Balasubramanian SC. Nutritive value of Indian foods. Rao BSN, Deosthale YG, Pant KC, editor. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research; 2011.

Sharma SR, Giri S, Timalsina U, Bhandari SS, Basyal B, Wagle K, et al. Low birth weight at term and its determinants in a tertiary hospital of Nepal: A case-control study. PLoS ONE. 2015 Apr 8; 10(4):e0123962. DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0123962.

Fourn L, Ducic S, Seguin L. Factors associated with low birth weight: A multivariate analysis. Sante. 1999; 9:7–11. PMID: 10210796.

Iltaf G, Shahid B, Khan MI. Incidence and associated risk factors of low birth weight babies born in Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Pak J Med Sci. 2017; 33(3):626–30. crossref

Viengsakhone L, Yoshida Y, Harun-Or-Rashid M, Sakamoto J. Factors affecting low birth weight at four central hospitals in vientiane, Lao PDR. Nagoya J Med Sci. 2010 Feb; 72(1-2):51–8. PMid:20229703

Nobile CGA, Raffaele G, Altomare C, Pavia M. Influence of maternal and social factors as predictors of low birth weight in Italy. BMC Public Health. 2007; 7:192. crossref.

Tafari N, Naeye RL. Effects of maternal undernutrition and heavy physical work during pregnancy on birth weight. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1980 Mar; 87(3):222–6. crossref PMid:7387925

Swarnalatha N et al. An epidemiological study of low birth weight in a tertiary care hospital, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Cur Res Rev. 2013 Aug; 05(16):54–62.

Singh S, Shrestha S, Marahatta S. Incidence and risk factors of low birth weight babies born in Dhulikhel Hospital. Journal of Institute of Medicine. 2011 Jun. crossref.

Agarwal S, Agarwal A, Agarwal KN, Agarwal DK, Bansal A. Physical activity and pregnancy outcome in rural undernourishedwomen. Indianpediatrics. 2001; 38:1017–22. PMID:11568377.

Agarwal A, Agarwal K, Agrawal P, Agrawal V, Chaudhary V. Prevalence and determinants of “low birth weight†among institutional deliveries. 2011. p. 48–52.


  • There are currently no refbacks.