New record of parasitoid, associated with pigeonpea pod fly, Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae)

Jump To References Section


  • National Agricultural Research Project, (VNMKV, Parbhani), Aurangabad – 431005, Maharashtra ,IN
  • National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management (ICAR), New Delhi - 110012, Delhi, India ,IN
  • College of Agriculture, (VNMKV, Parbhani), Badnapur – 431202, Maharashtra ,IN



Melanagromyza obtusa, new host association, parasitism, pigeonpea, Torymoides sp.


The study was carried out during 2010-11 at farmer fields and laboratory, College of Agriculture, Osmanabad District (Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University (VNMKV), Parbhani), Maharashtra, India on the incidence of parasitoids of Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) infesting pigeonpea. Four hymenopteran parasitoids recorded were; the Eulophid parasitoid, the torymid Torymoides sp. (Walker), two ormyrids viz., Ormyrus orientalis (Walker) and Ormyrus sp. (Westwood). As per the literature available and reviewed, Torymoides sp. is the first ever record for new host association reported from M. obtusa maggots as an ecto-parasitoid. The natural larval parasitism of M. obtusa by Torymoides sp. ranged from 3.13 to 31.82 per cent. The parasitism was observed from 51st SMW (3.13 per cent) which increased gradually and attained a peak on 6th SMW with 31.82 per cent with a mean parasitism of 9.30 per cent over a period of 13 standard meteorological weeks. The new record of natural parasitism of pod fly by Torymoides sp. would add to the existing knowledge on the biological suppression of the pest.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

N. R. Patange, National Agricultural Research Project, (VNMKV, Parbhani), Aurangabad – 431005, Maharashtra

Associate Professor (Entomology)




How to Cite

Patange, N. R., Sharma, O. P., & Chiranjeevi, B. (2017). New record of parasitoid, associated with pigeonpea pod fly, <i>Melanagromyza obtusa</i> (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Journal of Biological Control, 31(1), 13–17.



Research Articles



Ahmad T. 1938. The tur-pod fly, Agromyza obtusa Malloch, a pest of Cajanus cajan. Indian J Agric Sci. 8: 63–76.

Boucek Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales, 130p.

Chauhan R, Dahiya B. 1987. Damage due to pod borer and pod fly in early maturing genotypes of pigeonpea in Haryana. Indian J Plant Prot. 15(1): 5–9.

Dar MH, Saxena H, Rizvi PO, Chaudhary RG. 2004. First host record of Eurytoma ranjithi Narendran, 1994. Zoos Print J. 19(1): 1333.

Edwards PB. 1998. Seasonal abundance and parasitism of Mesoclanis seed flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South Africa, and implications for the biological control of Chrysanthemoides monilifer (Asteraceae) in Australia. Bull Entomol Res. 88(4): 407–414.

Fellowes RW, Amarasena J. 1977. Natural parasites of some major grain legume pests in dry zone. Trop Agric. 133: 83–89.

Gangrade GA. 1960. Description of the new species of the genus Euderus Haliday, 1941 (Eulophidae: Chalcidoidea). Indian J Entomol. 22: 80–82.

Gangrade GA. 1963. Assesment of damage to tur (Cajanus cajan) in Madhya Pradesh by tur pod fly, Agromyza obtusa Mall. Indian J Agric Sci. 33(1): 17–20.

Herting B. 1978. Neuroptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control. 5: 69.

Ipe MI. 1987. Biosystematic studies on Agromyzidae from India. Proc Indian Acad Sci Anim Sci. 96: 573–581.

Ketipearachichi Y. 2002. Hymenoptera parasitoids and hyper parasitoids of crop pests at Aralaganurla in north central provience of Sri Lanka. Annals of the Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture. 4: 293–306.

Khan MA. 1985. New descriptions. Eulophid parasites (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) of Agromyzidae in India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc. 82(1): 149–159.

Lal SS, Yadava CP. 1987. Estimate of crop bosses in pigeonpea caused by pod borer complex. FAO Plant Protect B. 35: 93–98.

Lateef SS, Reed W. 1990. Insect pests on pigeonpea, pp. 193-242. In: Singh SR editor. Insect pests of Tropical Food Legumes. J. Wiley and Sons, New York.

Makinson JR, Goolsby JA, Meyerdirk DE, Kirk AA, Burwell CJ. 2005. A new record and host association for the pigeonpea pod fly, Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and notes on its parasitoids in the Northern Territory, Australia. Aust Entomol. 32(2): 79–82.

Melksham J. 1992. Notes on the larval stages of Torymoides sp. (Hymenoptera: Torymidae): an ectoparasite of the biological control agent Rhopalomyia californica. News Bulletin, Entomological Society of Queensland. 19(9): 134–135.

Narendran TC. 1994. Torymidae and Eurytomidae of Indian subcontinent (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), pp. 500. Zoological Monograph, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala, India.

Narendran TC, David BV, Selvaraj P. 2005. A new species of Aprostocetus westwood (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) parasitic on Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from India. Entomon. 30(3): 221–225.

Peter C. 1992. A note on the parasitoid fauna associated with red gram pod fly, Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch. J Insect Sci. 5: 88.

Rao AG, Babu TR. 2009. Biological control of Arthropod pest of pulse crops, pp. 247. In: Upadhyay RK, Mukerji KG, Chandola BP, Dubey OP editors. Integrated pest and disease management. APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.

Sah BN, Mehra BP. 1986. New record of the parasites of Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch in Ranchi, India. Indian J Entomol. 48: 359.

Sebastian PC. 1993. A study on the parasitoids of pigeon pea pod fly, Melangromyza obtusa (Malloch) in Kerala. Indian J Entomol. 55: 158–161.

Shanower TG, Lal SS, Bhagwat VR. 1998. Biology and management of Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Crop Prot. 17(3): 249–263.

Sharma OP, Bhosle BB, Kamble KR, Bhede BV, Seeras NR. 2011. Management of pigeonpea pod borers with special reference to pod fly (Melanagromyza obtusa). Indian J Agric Sci. 81(6): 539–543.

Silvestri F. 1914. Viaggio in Eritrea per cercare parassiti della mosca dell olive. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici 9: 217.

Singh S, Singh SP, Babu SS, Sebastian PC. 1991. Bioecology of Hymenoptera parasites of Agromyzidae (Diptera) pests species in India. Mem Sch Ent. 11: 1–238.

Singh SP. 1994. Studies on hymenopteran parasites of Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera, Agromyzidae), a pest of Cajanus cajan Spreng. in India. Anz Schadlingskd Pfl Umwelt. 67: 19–21.

Sithanantham S, Rao VR, Reed W. 1983. Survey of pigeonpea pod fly in India. International Pigeonpea Newsletter 2: 66–68.

Sithanantham S, Rao VR, Reed W. 1987. Parasites of the pigeonpea pod fly, Melanagromyza obtusa in India. J Biol Control 1(1): 10–16.

Srivastava AS, Katiyar SSL, Srivastava KM. 1971. Damage of Agromyza obtusa Malloch. (Diptera: Agromyzidae) to Cajanus cajan Linn. Crop. Labdev J Sci Technol. 9: 71–73.

Thakur BS, Odak SC. 1982. New record of the parasites of Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch. Sci Cult. 48: 80.

Tiwari G, Singh DC, Singh R, Kumar P. 2006. Role of abiotic and biotic factors on population dynamics of pigeonpea pod fly (Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch). J. Recent Advances in Applied Sciences. 21(1,2): 12–14.

Yadav AK, Yadav S, Singh MK. 2012. Effect of temperature on the population of parasitoids and their impact on the pest, Melanagromyza obtusa (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Ecoscan. 1: 45–50.

Yadav AK, Yadav S. 2013. New record of parasitoids of Melanagromyza obtusa on Cajanus cajan and their review. The Ecoscan. 4: 123–128.