Biodiversity of pollinators in four bee-friendly plant species


  • ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560024, India


Bees are the primary pollinators of many important agricultural crops. Enhancing the suitability of farm landscapes for native pollinators by growing flowering non crop plants is necessary for in-situ conservation of bee pollinators. A study has been conducted to find the role of four different plants, viz., Hamelia patens, Ocimum basilicum, Asystesia sp. and Jacquemontia sp. in the conservation of native bee pollinators. The different species of bees visiting the flowers were Apis cerana, A. florea, Hoplonomia sp., Amegilla zonata, A. confusa and Ceratina hieroglyphica. The diversity indices were higher during morning hours than the afternoon. The number of bees visited per flower, time spent and numbers of flowers visited on Jacquemontia sp. were more compared to other plant species. Biodiversity indices were calculated by using Insect Biodiversity Analysis Portal, which is an online tool to carry out biodiversity analysis and hosted at https://www. The planting of bee-friendly plant species as identified in this study will help support healthy, diverse pollinator and other beneficial insect communities.


Bee pollinators, biodiversity indices, in-situ conservation, non-crop plants

Subject Discipline

Computer Application in Agriculture

Full Text:


Duffy KJ, Johnson SD, Peter CI. 2014. A temporal dimension to the influence of pollen rewards on bee behaviour and fecundity in Aloe tenuior. PLoS ONE 9: e94908. 371/journal. pone.0094908 PMid:24755611 PMCid:PMC 3995886

Emile May. 2018. Managing land for pollinators and conservation biocontrol. -for-wildlife/beneficialspollinators/managing-landpollinatorsconservation-biocontrol/

Fussell M, Corbet SA. 1992. Flower usage by bumblebees - a basis for forage plant management. J Appl Ecol. 29: 451– 465.

Jones EL, Leather SR. Invertebrates in urban areas: A review. European J Entomol. 109: 463–478.

Kremen C, Williams NM, Thorp RW. 2002. Crop pollination from native bees at risk from agricultural intensification. Proc Nat Acad Sci. 99: 16812–16816. PMid:12486221 PMCid: PMC139226

Piedade-Kiill, Lucia H, Neusa Taroda R. 2000. Biologia floral e sistema de reprodução de Jacquemontia multiflora (Choisy) Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae). Rev Bras Fisioter. 23: 37-43. S0100-84042000000100004

Pywell RF, Meek WR, Hulmes L, Hulmes S, James KL, Nowakowski M, Carvell C. 2011. Management to enhance pollen and nectar resources for bumble bees and butterflies within intensively farmed landscapes.

J Insect Conserv. 15: 853–864.

Silvia KD, Gimenes M. 2016. The efficiency of bees in pollinating ephemeral flowers of Jacquemontia bracteosa (Convolvulaceae). Iheringia Ser Zool. 106: ISSN 00734721, On-line version ISSN 1678-4766.


  • There are currently no refbacks.