Melatonin, Insomnia and the Use of Melatonergic Drugs

Authors

  • Sri Sathya Sai Medical Educational and Research Foundation, Prasanthi Nilayam, 40-Kovai Thirunagar, Coimbatore-641014, Tamilnadu
  • Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
  • Department of Psychiatry, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, 91120

Keywords:

Melatonin, Ramelteon, Insomnia, Agomelatine, Depressive Disorder.

Abstract

Due to inconsistency among reports on the therapeutic efficacy of melatonin, attention has been focused on the development of more potent melatonin analogues with prolonged effects. Melatonergic drugs, ramelteon and agomelatine have been effective in treating either sleep disorders or sleep disturbances associated with depressive disorders. MT1 and MT2 melatonergic receptor agonist, ramelteon, was found effective in increasing total sleep time and sleep efficiency, and in reducing sleep latency in patients with insomnia. No reduction in its efficacy was found even after 6-12 months of continuous use. The mechanism of sleep promoting action of ramelteon is entirely different from that of conventional hypnotics that are in use today. Ramelteon's use is not associated with any adverse effects even after six months to one year after its continuous usage. Another melatonergic drug, agomelatine, has also been found effective in improving sleep efficiency and quality, and this action of agomelatine is suggested to be one of the major mechanism by which agomelatine ameliorates depressive symptoms in patients with major depressive disorders and bipolar disorders.

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Published

2012-06-01

How to Cite

Srinivasan, V., Zakaria, R., Othman, Z., & Brzezinski, A. (2012). Melatonin, Insomnia and the Use of Melatonergic Drugs. Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction, 16(1), 15–24. Retrieved from https://informaticsjournals.com/index.php/jer/article/view/1951

Issue

Section

Review Article