Degree Of Malnutrition Among Preschoolers Belonging To The Low Socio-economic Group


Affiliations

  • College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan, Research Associate, Research Centre, India
  • Freedom Wellness Management, Founder and Director, India
  • College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan, Research Director, Research Centre, India

Abstract

Malnutrition refers to imbalances in a person's intake of energy and/or nutrients (Type land 2). This study was undertaken to evaluate the degree of malnutrition among preschoolers belonging to a low socio-economic group. Diet recalls from 86 mothers' of preschoolers was taken with anthropometry assessment for 80 preschoolers. The preschoolers were grouped into 2 age categories, 1-3 years and 4-6 years for dietary assessment as per RDA. (mean age= 3.8±0.81 years). Among both the age categories, preschoolers fell below the 50th percentile height-for-age (HFA) (66%) and weight-for-age (WFA) (80%). Only 3.5% of preschoolers met their RDA for energy (mean intake = 856.5±217.5 kcals). Preschoolers among both age categories reported values did not meet the RDA for calcium (94.2% unmet RDA) (mean intake = 322.8±207.3 mg), retinol (100% unmet RDA), beta-carotene (100% unmet RDA) and zinc (80.2% unmet RDA) (mean intake =5.1±1.4 mg). Iron intake was lower than RDA for 46.8 % of preschoolers from 1-3 years age group (mean intake = 9.0±2.0 mg) and 85.2 % from 4-6 years (mean intake = 9.7±2.8 mg). Adequate intake of magnesium (mean intake = 215.5±57.4 mg) and fair intake of phosphorus (mean intake = 645.2±224.9 mg) was observed. Nutrition education and counseling for mothers focusing on recipes rich in type 1 and type 2 nutrients would be sustainable for improving the degree of malnutrition observed among the preschoolers.


Keywords

Preschool Children, Malnutrition, Type 1 & 2 Nutrients, Growth, and Low Socio-economic Group

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