Diet for Indian Diabetics


  • Indian Academy of Diabetes, President, Endocrine Society of India President, India


India is undergoing rapid nutritional transition with an the average Indian diet tends to be high in carbohydrates, saturated fat, trans fat (mostly related to the widespread use of vanaspati), and low in protein and fibre The energy producing components of the diet are the macronutrients. Macronutrients are the chemical compounds consumed in the largest quantities and provide bulk energy. The three primary macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Dietary transition and a sedentary lifestyle have led to an increase in obesity and dietâ€related non†communicable diseases (type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM], cardiovascular disease [CVD], etc.) predominantly in urban, but also in rural areas. Both, NIN and an expert group have developed some broad Indian guidelines which recommends reduction intake of carbohydrate, higher intake of fibre, lower intake of saturated fat , optimal ratio of essential fatty acids ,slightly higher protein intake, lower intake of salt and restricted intake of sugar.


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