Pollution Control Measures for Core and Buffer Zone as Sustainable Framework at Dongri Buzurg Opencast Mine of MOIL Limted
Keywords:Afforestation, Blasting, Dumps, Environment, Pollution.
MOIL Limited has been using technologies for sustainable development since its inception. The sustainable development framework (SDF) is addressing on various issues begin with grant of mining lease to final mine closure plan stages of mining life cycle. The SDF is also refers to on economics, environment and social impacts of mining. The mining activities disturb local ecosystem and bio-diversity, moreover causes largescale deforestation, loss of grassy land, soil erosion, contamination of soil and water, noise pollution. It also causes the environment degradations that lead to destruction of wildlife habitat. To achieve the integration of socio-environmental-economic factors it is essential to develop and implement SDF. By recent amendment of Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, implementation and evaluation of SDF have become mandatory. SDF is modelled by international agencies like International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and International Council of Mining and Metal (ICMM) and tailored for Indian conditions. Some of the aspects of SDF are covered in a case study, which was conducted in Dongri Buzurg opencast mine.
The paper presents the SDF used by MOIL at Dongri Buzurg mine for incremental improvement in protection of environmental impacts in core and buffer zone.