Iron Ore Mining and Food Security of Rural Household – An Analysis in Odisha, India
Keywords:Calorie, Mining, Access, Deficiency, Food Security, Utilisation.
AbstractThe present paper attempts to assess and analyse the situation of food security in the context of its accessibility and utilisation among rural households in iron-ore mining region of Odisha, India. A comparative approach with statistical techniques like t-test, Z-test and F-test has been used in the present study. It has been found out that despite of higher average income and expenditure on food, the average calorie intake of households in mining region is significantly lower than the households in non-mining region. Even the proportion of households suffering from calorie deficiency is significantly higher in mining areas than in non-mining areas. The reason behind is the heavy dependence of household on market for consumption of rice. This shows that mining activities do not ensure food security to its rural households and have a significant negative impact on it. Hence, suitable policy measures should be undertaken by the administrative machinery so that mining could not only contribute the economic development of the region but would also ensure food security to the households in the region.
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