Effect Of MFD Viscosity On Ferroconvection In A Fluid Saturated Porous Medium With Variable Gravity
Keywords:Ferrofluid, MFD viscosity, porous media, magnetic field, variable gravity.
Convective instability of a horizontal ferromagnetic fluid saturated porous layer with magnetic field dependent (MFD) viscosity subjected to gravity field varying with distance in the layer is investigated. The fluid motion is described by the Brinkman model. The method of small perturbation is applied and the resulting eigenvalue problem is solved using the higher order Galerkin technique. The stationary instability is shown to be the preferred mode of instability and the resulting eigenvalue problem is solved by taking into account the realistic rigidrigid- isothermal boundary conditions. The study reveals that the effect of MFD viscosity is to delay the onset of ferroconvection and the stabilizing effect of MFD viscosity is reduced when the magnetic Rayleigh number is sufficiently large. In the presence of variable gravity, the effect of magnetic and non-magnetic parameters on ferroconvective instability is also discussed.
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