Value Stream Mapping- Tool to Optimize the Process

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  • School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560064



Value Stream, Current Stream Mapping (VSM), Future State Mapping, Cycle Time, Lean Manufacturing, Simulation.


Value Stream Mapping is known for identifying and eliminating or streamlining non-value-adding activities in manufacturing, production, and business processes. To depict the current status of the operation, a flow diagram depicting the process is drawn. Non-value actions are detected by their waste of time and resources in each step and between each phase. With the use of simulation tools, the process is examined for the possibility of dramatically reducing and simplifying it to the bare minimum of steps. The fraction of value-adding time in the overall process increases when waste is reduced, and the process throughput speed improves. This improves the effectiveness (the right things are done) and efficiency of the revised process (needing fewer resources). With the use of Arena simulation software, this study illustrates how to use corrective procedures in the die casting sector to eliminate non-value added tasks. The future state of the reengineered process is flow charted, with process stages and information flows reworked, simplified, and made less expensive, as well as increased productivity.



R.M. Belokar, Sandeep Singh Kharb, Vikas Kumar “An Application of Value Stream Mapping In Automobile Industry: A Case Study”, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) ISSN: 2278-3075, Vol.-1(2), July 2012.

S. Santhosh kumar, & M. Pradeep kumar, “Cycle Time Reduction of truck body assembly in an automobile industry by lean principles”, Procedia Materials science 5 (2014): pp.1853-1862. DOI:

Hugh L. McManus and Richard L. Millard “Value Stream Analysis and Mapping for Product Development”, Proceedings of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences23rd ICAS Congress, 8-13 September, (2002), Toronto Canada.

DanijelaGracanina, BorutBuchmeister, BojanLalic “Using Cost-Time Profile for Value Stream Optimization”, Procedia Engineering 69 (2014), pp. 1225 – 1231.

Rahani AR, Muhammad al-Ashraf “Production Flow Analysis through Value Stream Mapping: A Lean Manufacturing Process Case Study”, Procedia Engineering 41 (2012), pp.1727 – 1734. DOI:

Dr. Cemil CEYLAN, “Value Chain Analysis using Value Stream Mapping: White Good Industry Application”, Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, January (2011), pp.22 – 24..

Mahmoud Al-Odeh, “Value Stream Mapping: Recreating an Industrial Environment in an Educational Setting”, Proceedings of The (2014) IAJC/ISAM Joint International Conference ISBN, pp.978-1-60643-379-9.

Johan Tingström, “Implementing Value Stream Mapping – VSM in a R&D organization”,NordDesign (2010), pp.25-27.

Muhammad AbdusSamadEt.Al, “Value Stream Mapping To Reduce Manufacturing Lead Time In A Semi-Automated Factory”, Asian Transactions On Engineering (Ate Issn: 2221-4267) Volume 02 Issue 06.

Palak P. Sheth1 Et.Al, “Value Stream Mapping: A Case Study of Automotive Industry”, Ijret (2014), pp..2321-7308.

Abu Md. Saifuddoha, “Minimization of waste by applying value stream mapping in the supply chain of cement industry”, IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), (2013), pp.79-84. DOI:

Romero D&Chávez Z, “Use of Value Mapping Tools for Manufacturing Systems Redesign”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering (2011), pp.6-8.

DanijelaGracanina “Using Cost-Time Profile for Value Stream Optimization”, Procedia Engineering ( 2014 ) pp.1225–1231. DOI:

Schönemann, M. “Integrating product characteristics into extended value stream modeling”, Procedia CIRP (2014) pp.368-373. DOI:

W. M. Goriwondo “Enhancing Lean Manufacturing Using The Value Stream Mapping Tool In Pharmaceutical Operations: A Case Study Of A Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Company In Zimbabwe.




How to Cite

Gunaki, P. (2023). Value Stream Mapping- Tool to Optimize the Process. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, 70(10A), 164–168.