Anjan Hill Mine Explosion : Human Failures Resulting 14 Fatalities

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  • General Manager, NLC India Ltd. ,IN
  • HoD, Management Studies, IIT (ISM), Dhanbad ,CN


Underground Coal Mine, Explosion, Human Errors, Human Factor Analysis and Classification System (HFACS).


Energy is essential for development of a nation and its people. India is home to a large population and coal is dominant fuel for its growth. A sizeable coal reserve of the nation is at greater depth for which underground mining is feasible and economically viable technology. Underground coal mining is fraught with explosion hazard. Explosion in a mine is catastrophic and takes toll. Human factors are an important issue in coal mine accidents. In 2010, Anjan hill mine, an underground coal mine in Central India coalfields, experienced an explosion with multiple fatalities. Human factors analysis and classification system developed by Shappell and Weigman (2003) was used to identify human errors leading to the mishap. Human errors with higher level system deficiency were found to be causal factors. The study identified critical human errors which contributed explosion hazard in the coal mine.


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How to Cite

Suman, S. C., & Pathak, P. (2022). Anjan Hill Mine Explosion : Human Failures Resulting 14 Fatalities. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, 66(3), 187–193. Retrieved from






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