Energy Absorption Capacity of Empty and Foam- Filled Concentric Cylindrical Tubes

Jump To References Section


  • Associate Professor School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Banglore
  • Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sai Vidya Institute of Technology Banglore



Nonlinear dynamic, quasi-static, closed-form solution, cylindrical tubes


Axial folding of metal tubes has been renowned over ages as a superb energy-absorbing method. High-volume industrial items like automobiles, trains, and other sectors where energy must be absorbed in a controlled manner during a crush situation are using components based on this concept. From the perspective of passenger automobile safety design, it is crucial and anticipated to investigate crushing energy absorption.

These are thoroughly investigated experimentally and computationally how aluminium foam-filled sections behave when compressed axially. To represent quasi-static test circumstances, nonlinear dynamic finite element studies are conducted. It is discovered that the predicted crushing force and fold formation are rather similar to the experimental facts. The mean crushing force of the foam-filled sections is calculated using straightforward closed-form methods based on the computational models. It is shown that the increase in the mean crushing force of a full column increases linearly with the cross-sectional area and foam compressive resistance. The proposal, for a variety of column designs, materials, and foam strengths, has been within 8% of the experimental data.

Ultimately, the results highlight the advantages of using concentric cylindrical tubes to absorb impact energy in circumstances with axial loads. It only understands well how control the absorbed energy by using the geometrical features of such structures. The purpose of this study is to suggest design solutions on how to use concentric cylindrical tubes in energy absorption applications like crash-worthiness.



Sigit P. Santosa, Tomasz Wierzbicki, Experimental and numerical studies of foam filled sections: International Journal of Impact Engineering 24 (2000) 509-534. DOI:

G. Mamalis, D. E. Manolakos, M. B. Ioannidis, K. N. Spentzas & S. Koutroubakis, Static axial collapse of foam-filled steel thin-walled rectangular tubes: experimental and numerical simulation, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 13 (2008) 117-126. DOI:

A.G. Mamalis, et al, Axial collapse of hybrid square sandwich composite tubular components with corrugated core: Experimental Int. J. Crashworthiness 5 (2000) 315–331. DOI:

Zhang Chun-ji, Feng Yi, Mechnanical Properties and energy absorption properties of aluminum foam filled square tubes, Trans Non Ferrous Met. SOC, China 20(2010) 1380-1386. DOI:

Hakim S, Sultan Aljibor, Haidar F, Al-Qrimli, Rahizar Ramli, A comparative Analysis of experimental and numerical invetigations of composite tubes under axial and lateral loading. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied science, 4 (2010).

Li Qing-fen, Liu Yan-Jie, Wang Hai-dou, Yan Shnegyuan, Finite Element Analysis and Shape optimization of automotive crash box subjected to low velocity impact. 2009 International conference on measuring technology and Mechatronics automation. DOI:

Ribeaux, Michael, Energy absorption capability of damage affected composite Structures. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham(2003).

Lupoi, R, Investigation into energy dissipation in equal channel angula extrusion. Thesis Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). University of Bath (2008).

Nagel, Gregory, Impact and Energy Absorption of Straight and Tapered Rectangular Tubes. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology (2005). DOI:

Marc Robert Schultz ENERGY Absorption Capacity of Graphite epoxy Composite Tubes November 20, (1998).

Mr. J.L.C.G. de Kanter, Energy absorption of monolithic and fibre reinforce aluminium cylinders.

Turner, Thomas A, The effects of processing variables on the energy absorption of composite crash structures. PhD thesis University of Nottingham (2004).

Bottome, Kristofer John, The energy absorption of damaged braided and noncrimp fibre composite material structures. PhD thesis University of Nottingham (2006).

Amid, Ramin, Energy absorption of composite materials under high velocity impact. Thesis and dissertations (2003).

Khattab, Ahmed/ Abd ElRahman, Investigation of an Adaptable Crash Energy Management System to Enhance Vehicle Crashworthiness. PhD thesis Concordia University (2011).




How to Cite

Suresha, S., & S, R. (2023). Energy Absorption Capacity of Empty and Foam- Filled Concentric Cylindrical Tubes. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, 70(10A), 430–436.