Antihyperlidemic Effects of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) Pericarp Ethanolic Extract In High-Carbohydrate Wistar Rats


Affiliations

  • Bandung Institute of Technology, School of Phrmacy, Bandung, 40132, Indonesia

Abstract

Garcinia mangostana L.has been used as an antioxidant to inhibit oxidation of low density lipoproteins and as an antiobesity agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a Mangosteen (G. mangostana L.) Pericarp Ethanolic Extract (MPEE) on lipid profile in rats fed with high-fat diet.The experimental study was conducted in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks and 9 weeks, with rats divided into 5 treatment groups which were normal (standard diet), control (high-fat diet), dose 1 (high-fat diet, MPEE 200 mg/kg b.w.), dose 2 (high-fat diet, MPEE 500 mg/kg b.w.), and orlistat (high-fat diet, orlistat 21.6 mg/kg b.w.) groups. The serum concentration of cholesterol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides of all the animals in each group were determined after the 4 weeks and 9 weeks of treatment. Intrygliceride level, MPEE at the dose of 500 mg/kgbw was more active than the dose of 200mg/kg. The rats treated with MPEE significantly decreased the LDL level in the 9 weeks at the dose of 200 mg/kg bw and 500 mg/kg bw. However, the HDL level amongthe all groups showed no significant difference.Mangosteen Pericarp Ethanolic Extract (MPEE) has potential as anti-obesity drugs by lowering the tryglyceride and LDL level in high-fat Wistar rats.

Keywords

Mangosteen, Obesity, Triglyceride, HDL, LDL

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy

Full Text:

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