Using of Peer Assisted Learning to Conduct Pre-Training Situational Analysis for Nurse Intern

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  • Medical Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Postal code: 21461 ,EG
  • Nursing Department, Fakeeh College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah ,SA ORCID logo
  • Medical Education Unit, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah ,SA



Curricular Situational Model, Internship, Peer-Assisted Learning


Background: Clinical placement is the main site for interns' training, however clinical placement is an uncomfortable and inconvenient environment for learning. Trainees need intelligent conversation with self and others to advance in their careers. In this regard, Peers informally teach each other through discussion. Nowadays, there is an international need and interest in formal peer-assisted learning. Hence, Situational model for curriculum development is a suitable model for training as it is culturally driven and emphasizes context. The research objectives are to apply a situational curricular model, using a peer-assisted learning. In addition, to explore the students' perception towards peer-assisted learning. Methods: A mixed method quantitative and qualitative design single group post-test design was applied in this study, where all the nursing interns in the current year were selected. Peers conducted orientation sessions to make situational analysis. After that, each intern, with his educational supervisor, develops personal objectives and a development plan. Selection of contents and learning opportunities is the responsibility of interns guided by the general outcomes and list of required competencies during the training year. The last step is assessment and evaluation of performance. Furthermore, interns' perceptions towards using peers-assisted learning were measured through distribution of self-administered questionnaire, and conduction of focus group with interns. Results: Overall students' perceptions toward this reform were positive, all means were above four, especially their perception towards Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) as a relaxed and comfortable environment and as a new learning opportunity. Conclusion: Interns found that reform of their training through conducting situational model for training is an effective method, especially when using Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) in its conduction, which, they recommended its implementation to all units' orientation.


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How to Cite

Abdel Raoof Abed, R., Gomma, N. H., & Nasser, A. A. (2021). Using of Peer Assisted Learning to Conduct Pre-Training Situational Analysis for Nurse Intern. Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health, 21(2), 83–89.



Received 2021-02-05
Accepted 2021-03-08
Published 2021-06-17



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