Efficacy of Trichogramma chilonis Ishii in Combination with Biopesticides against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in Rainfed Cotton Ecosystem


Affiliations

  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641 003, India
  • Agricultural College and Research Institute (TNAU), Department of Agricultural Entomology, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625 104, India

Abstract

A study was undertaken to observe the combined effects of Trichogramma chilonis with some biopesticides viz., HaNPV, Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (HaIt WP) and Beauveria bassiana (Bev Bas). Two releases of T. chilonis with two sprays of B.t.k. recorded less mean larval popUlation (O.33/plant). less damage on shed squares (42.78%), intact squares (9.12%), bolls (14.20%) and loculi (10.68%) and recorded higher yield (782 kg/ha). Two releases of T. chilonis with two sprays of HaNPV was the next best treatment regarding less mean larval popUlation and damage on fruiting parts. Application of B. bassiana alone and in conjunction with T. chilonis proved less effective compared to other treatments. Two releases of T. chilonis with one spray of B.t.k or HaNPV and T. chilonis alone performed moderately in reducing the larval population and damage on fruiting parts.

Keywords

Biopesticides, Efficacy, Helicoverpa armigera, Trichogramma chilonis.

Subject Discipline

Entomology

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