Automation of Underground Coal Mines Using PLC

Jump To References Section


  • CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Barwa Road, Dhanbad ,IN
  • Department of Mining Machinery Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad ,IN
  • CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Barwa Road, Dhanbad ,IN
  • CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Barwa Road, Dhanbad ,IN
  • CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Barwa Road, Dhanbad ,IN


Automation, PLC, Gas Sensors, Underground Coal Mine, Hazardous Gas.


Underground coal mining requires advance instrumentation for sustainable growth and safety of miners. Many parameters, such as emission of gases, strata conditions, temperature, air velocity, humidity, etc., need to be monitored simultaneously using suitable sensors. This paper presents applications of programmable logic controller (PLC) to key activities of underground automatic mining operations is the prefered option for increasing output, with safety in gassy underground mines by way of switching off power supply when concentration of flammable gases exceed permissible limit and simultaneously raising alarm to help save miner’s valuable lives and assets mines property. Beside, PLC can be used for monitoring strata conditions.

Large scale implementation of PLC to automation in mining operations is a grey area to be explored and there is a scope to design and develop instrumentation for mines for multiple output of PLC system.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




How to Cite

Mandal, R., Maity, T., Chaulya, S. K., Prasad, G. M., & Verma, R. P. (2022). Automation of Underground Coal Mines Using PLC. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, 64(5), 174–180. Retrieved from






Singh R., Singh A. K., Mandal P.K., Singh M. K., and Sinha A. (2004): Instrumentation and monitoring of strata movement during underground mining coal, Minetech, 25(5): 12-26.

Mandal R., Kumar A., Kingson T.M. G., Verma RK. P., Kumar A., Dutta S., Chaulya S.K., and Prasad G.M., (2013): Application of Programmable Logic Controller for Gases Monitoring in Underground Coal Mines, IRACST – Engineering Science and Technology: An International Journal (ESTIJ), ISSN: 2250-3498, vol.3, No. 3, pp. 516-522.

Mikkor A. and Roosimolder L. (2004): Programmable logic controllers in process automation, Proceeding of the 4th International DAAAM Conference on Industrial Engineering – Innovation as Competitive Edge for SME, Tallinn, Estonia, pp. 55-57.

Reddy T. S. K. and Krishna G. B. S. (2014): Hazardous gas detecting rescue robot in coal mines, International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering, ISSN: 2320-2092, 2(5): 69-74.

Kirubashankar R., Krishanamurthy K., Indra J. and Vignesh B. (2011): Design and implementation of web based remote supervisory control and information system, International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering, 1(4): pp. 43-51.

MOM (Ministry of Mines), Coal & Lignite, 52nd edition Indian Minerals Yearbook 2013, Indian Bureau of Mines, Government of India,, dated 13 August, 2015., dated 17 January, 2013., dated 17 January, 2012. next_slideshow=1, dated 11 August, 2015.

USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) (2009): Coal Mine Methane Recovery: A Primer, EPA-430-R-09-013.

Slatick E.R. (1995): A description and history of longwall mining, Energy Information Administration/Longwall Mining, pp. 3-14., dated 18 January 2013.

Bhant S., Chapter-13, (2008): Process control principal and applications, Oxford University Press, ISBN-13:978-0-19-569334-8, pp. 286-323., dated 12 December, 2013.

SEIMENS, S7-200, Programmable controller system manual and SIMATIC ET-200 for distributed automation solutions (November 2010)., dated 20 August, 2015.

Mitra M. and Gupta S. S. (2009) Programmable logic controllers and industrial automation an introduction, PENRAM international publishing (India) Pvt. Ltd. first edition, ISBN-81-87972-17-3., dated 5 August, 2015., 14 August, 2012., dated 3 May, 2013., DGMS strategic plan 2011-15, dated 14 April, 2015. Handling.pdf, dated 6 May, 2013.

Chaulya S. K., Bandyopadhyay L. K., and Mishra P. K. (2008): Modernization of Indian coal mining industry: Vision 2025, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 67: pp. 28-35.

Kumar A., Kingson T. M. G., Verma R. P., Kumar A., (2013): Application of gas monitoring sensors in underground coal mines and hazardous areas, International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering, 3(3): 9–23., dated 24 May, 2015, A case study on Gas ventilation monitoring and control system.

Slattery C., Hartmann D. and Ke L. (2009): PLC evaluation board simplifies design of industrial process-control systems, Analog Dialogue, 43(2): pp.3-10.

Bandyopadhyay L. K., Chaulya S. K., Dutta M. K., Narayan A. and Kumar M. (2005): Development of an environmental monitoring system for underground coal mines. Proceedings of International Seminar on Coal Science and Technology – Emerging Global Dimensions (eds. Singh A. K. and Sen K.), Allied Publishers, New Delhi, India, pp. 629–635.

Most read articles by the same author(s)