Post-Mining Restoration of People’s Profile in Indian Coalfields – An Attempt Towards Safeguarding Human Rights
Keywords:Post-mining restoration, peoples’ profile, human rights.
Coal is still a staple energy resource in India meeting over 50% of its energy requirement. Eastern Indian states are particularly blessed with coal with vast availability in Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Chhattisgarh. It has some major coalfields like Jharia, East and West Bokaro, Raniganj, Barakar, Karnpura, Ib valley, Talcher and Korba coalfields to name a few. Incidentally the land undulations, rivers, forest and geography render a climate range that supports soil fertility with rich promises of agricultural harvest. An additional booty of highly rich ecosystem services and aesthetics are offered due to pristine forest in the region. A balance has always been in the wish list that may bring inclusion and sustainability but so far been lurking.
Mining companies must encompass sustainability as its key governing principle in corporate philosophy. Sustainability encompasses harmony in dimensions of society, economy and ecology (SEE) to be incorporated in its entire operating practices (exploration to mine closure) in order to realize sustainable and inclusive growth. The essence of the paper can be summarized by quoting a shloka from Atharva Veda:
“What of thee, I dig out Let that quickly grow over Let me not hit, thy vitals, thy heart!”
In order to meet ever evolving aspirations of growing population, adaptation to practices of sustainable
agriculture appears a must. Meeting the need of food, feed, fiber and fuel for human and live-stocks, maintaining the sustainable balance among its various parameters extending to land, water, soil, biodiversity, agro biodiversity and agro ecosystem appears sine-qua-non. In totality, it constitutes the base of entire gamut of natural resources.
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