A Tangy Twist Review on Hog-Plum: Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz


  • Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, 530045, India
  • Bengal School of Technology, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Hooghly, West Bengal, 7712102, India
  • Vaageswari Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Karimnagar, Telangana, 505481, India
  • Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, 5530045, India


Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz., belongs to the Anacardiaceae family, generally referred to as Indian Hog plum, a deciduous, glabrous tree with a healthy fruit to eat. Hog plum is a mild deciduous tree plant of high nutritional value, stubby calories and abundant in vegetable proteins, zinc, chitin, starch, vitamins and minerals. Traditional use of various parts of S. pinnata includes diarrhea, dysentery, stomach troubles, hyperacidity, wounds, sprain, rheumatism, gonorrhoea, tuberculosis, aphrodisiac, arrow poison antidote, dyspepsia, dysentery, ring worms, abscess painful joints, refrigerant, tonic, antiseptic, astringent, mental disorders, tuberculosis, vomiting and many more. A number of pharmacological activities were reported from several extracts of S. pinnata and its parts that include hypoglycemic, anti-cancer, ulcer-protective, antidiarrhoeal, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, thrombolytic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, analgesic, antipyretic, antihypertensive, anthelmintic, diuretic and laxative, anti-tuberculosis, cytotoxic, antioxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, ischemia reperfusion injury and preconditioning of heart, anxiolytic, reduce side effects of chemotherapy, ameliorating, platelet aggregation inhibitory activity and acute and sub-chronic toxicity. A few phytochemicals were detailed on this plant. The chemical components of S. pinnata include different amino acids, carbohydrates, terpenoids, flavonoids, polysaccharides, steroids and so on. Various solvent extract and their gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis have confirmed the structures of a number of important phytoconstituents. Hence this review can be a good reference for researchers who would undertake further investigation about S. pinnata.


Hog Plum, Pharmacological Activities, Phytoconstituents, Spondias pinnata, Traditional Use

Subject Discipline

Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Full Text:


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