Comparative Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Study of Cassia auriculata and Cassia fistula


  • Rajarshi Shahu College of Pharmacy, Buldana, Maharashtra, 443001, India
  • Vidyabharti College of Pharmacy, Amravati, Maharashtra, 444602, India
  • Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical College, Amravati, Maharashtra, 444603, India
  • Mprex Healthcare Pvt. Ltd, Wakad, Pune, 411057, India
  • Shri D. D. Vispute College of Pharmacy and Research Center, New Panvel, Maharashtra, 410221, India
  • Dr. Rajendra Gode College of Pharmacy, Amravati, Maharashtra, 444901, India


Cassia auriculata L. (CAL) popularly identified as Tanner’s Cassia and Cassia fistula L. (CFL) is generally known as Golden Shower. Both plants belong to the Family, Fabaceae. These plants are used in skin disease, as hepatoprotective, as anticancer agent and as antioxidant agent. The intention of current article is to put forward the comparative pharmacognostical analysis of Cassia auriculata and Cassia fistula roots in terms of macroscopic evaluation, microscopic evaluation, physicochemical evaluation, extractive values and phytochemical analysis. Thin Layer Chromatography study was carried out for CAL and CFL and data pertaining to the above cited evaluations were recorded for both, CAL and CFL roots. The present study may help in differentiating among these species and these pharmacognostic parameters may serve as a tool for identification, authentication and standardization of CAL and CFL.


Cassia auriculata, Cassia fistula, Microscopy, Phytochemical Evaluation

Full Text:


Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. Indian medicinal plants. Dehradun. International book distributors; 1999.

Deshpande S, Kewatkar SM, Paithankar VV. In-vitro antioxidant activity of different fraction of roots of Cassia auriculata Linn. Drug Invention Today. 2013; 5(2):164–8.

Annie S, Rajagopal PL, Malini S. Effect of Cassia auriculata Linn. root extract on cisplatin and genta micin-induced renal injury. Phytomed. 2005; 12(8): 555–60. PMid:16121515

Rajagopal SK, Manickam P, Periyasamy V, Nama sivayam N. Activity of Cassia auriculata leaf extract in rats with alcoholic liver injury. J. Nutr. Biochem. 2003; 14(8):452–8. 3(03)00053-6

Gupta S, Sharma SB, Bansal SK, Prabhu KM. Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic activity of aqueous extract of Cassia auriculata L. leaves in experimental diabetes. Journal of Ethnopharmacol. 2009; 123(3):499–503. 09.02.019. PMid:19473793

Prasanna R, Chandramoorthy HC, Ramaiyapillai P, Sakthisekaran D. In vitro evaluation of anticancer effect of Cassia auriculata leaf extract and curcumin through induction of apoptosis in human breast and larynx cancer cell lines. Biomed. Pre. Nutr. 2011; 1(2):153–60.

Sabu MC, Subburaju T. Effect of Cassia auriculata Linn. on serum glucose level, glucose utilization by isolatedrat hemidiaphragm. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 80(2–3):203–6. 8741(02)00026-0

Kumaran A, Karunakaran RJ. Antioxidant activity of Cassia auriculata flowers. Fitoterapia. 2007; 78(1) :46–7. PM id:17071015

Thabrew I, Munasinghe J, Chackrewarthi S, Senarath S. The effects of Cassia auriculata and Cardiospermum halicacabum teas on the steady state blood level and toxicity of carbamazepine. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2004; 90(1):145–50. PMid:14698522

Vijayaraj P, Muthukumar K, Sabarirajan J, Nachiappan V. Antihyperlipidemic activity of Cassia auriculata flowers in triton WR 1339 induced hyperlipidemic rats. Exper. Toxicol. Pathology. 2013; 65(1–2):135–41. PMid:21852078

John CM, Sandrasaigaran P, Tong CK, Adam A, Ramasamy R. Immunomodulatory activity of poly phenols derived from Cassia auriculata flowers in aged rats. Cellular Immun. 2011; 271(2):474–9. https:// PMid:21924708

Duraipandiyan V, Ignacimuthu S. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Cassia fistula L.: An ethno medicinal plant. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2007; 112(3):590–4. PMid:17532583

Bhakta T, Mukherjee PK, Mukherjee K, Banerjee S, Mandal SC, Maity TK, Pal M, Saha BP. Evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of Cassia fistula leaf extract. J. Ethnopharmacol. 1999; 66(3):277–82. https://

Kumar MS, Sripriya R, Raghavan HV, Sehgal PK. Wound healing potential of Cassia fistula on infected albino rat model. J. Surgical Res. 2006;131(2):283–9. PMid:16242721

Siddhuraju P, Mohan PS, Becker K. Studies on the antioxidant activity of Indian Laburnum (Cassia fistula L.): A preliminary assessment of crude extracts from stem bark, leaves, flowers and fruit pulp. Food Chem. 2002; 79(1):61–7. 8-8146(02)00179-6

Manonmani G, Bhavapriya V, Kalpana S, Govindasamy S, Apparanantham T. Antioxidant activity of Cassia fistula (Linn.) flowers in alloxan induced diabetic rats. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2005; 97(1):39–42. https:// PMid:15652272

Duraipandiyan V, Ignacimuthu S, Paulraj MG. Antifeedant and larvicidal activities of Rhein isolated from the flowers of Cassia fistula L. Saudi J. Bio. Sci. 2011; 18(2):129–33. 10.12.009. PMid:23961115 PMCid:PMC3730718

Wijaya R, Neumann GM, Condron R, Hughes AB, Polya GM. Defense proteins from seed of Cassia fistula includes a lipid transfer protein homologue and a protease inhibitory plant defense. Plant Sci. 2000; 159(2):243–55. 9452(00)00348-4

Gupta M, Mazumder UK, Rath N, Mukhopadhyay DK. Antitumor activity of methanolic extract of Cassia fistula L. seed against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2000; 72(1–2):151–6. https://doi. org/10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00227-0

Chauhan A, Agarwal M. Evaluating the antifertility potential of an aqueous extract from Cassia fistula seeds in male rats. Fert. Ster. 2010; 93(5):1706– 10. P Mid:19819443

Al-Meshal IA, Tariq M, Parmar NS, Ageel AM. Antiinflammatory activity of the flavonoid fraction of khat (Catha edulisForsk). Agen. Acti. 1986 Jan; 17(3– 4):379–80. PM id:3962788

Pharmacopoeia I. Ministry of health and family welfare, Govt. of India. controller of publications, New Delhi; 1996.

Khandelwal K. Practical pharmacognosy. Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd.; 2008.

Venkatesh S, Reddy YR, Ramesh M, Swamy MM, Mahadevan N, Suresh B. Pharmacognostical studies on Dodonaea viscosa leaves. Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 2008; 2(4):83–8.

Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale SB. Pharmacognosy. Niralia. Prakashan, Pune, India; 2002.


  • There are currently no refbacks.