The Use of Ocimum gratissimum L. in the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Ailments


  • School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Department of Pharmacognosy and Herbal Medicine, Ghana
  • College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Department of Plant and Environmental Biology, Ghana
  • College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ghana


Diseases that affect the digestive tract are referred to as Gastrointestinal ailments. Gastrointestinal (GI) ailments contribute substantially to healthcare costs all over the world. Ocimum gratissimum, commonly known as African basil is a wellknown medicinal herb with a wide therapeutic potential. In most West African homes, it is employed as a home remedy for treating GI ailments such as diarrhoea, colitis, stomach ulcers, bloating, among several other conditions. Anecdotal reports support its efficacy in the treatment of these disease conditions. This review summarizes ethnomedicinal data for the use of O. gratissimum in the management of gastrointestinal ailments, and its potential clinical application based on its pharmacological activity.


Ocimum gratissimum, African Basil, Gastrointestinal Ailments, Pharmacological Activity

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