Phytochemcial Analysis and Isolation, Identification of Bioactive Compounds Present in Root of Borassus flabellifer Linn. using GC/MS

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  • P.G. Department of Biochemistry, SRM Arts and Science College, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu – 603203 ,IN
  • P.G. Department of Biochemistry, SRM Arts and Science College, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu – 603203 ,IN
  • Upgraded Primary Health Centre Pudur, Uthamanur, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu – 621712 ,IN



Bioactive Compounds, Borassus flabellifer, D-Mannose, GC/MS, n-Hexadecanoic Acid, Octadecanoic Acid, Phenol, 2,4-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl), Roots, Traditional Uses


Medicinal plants play a vital role in the health of humans and animals. Indians provide more importance and curiosity in cultivating medicinal plants. Borassus flabellifer Linn. is one among the plants that belong to the Araceae family, it is well known as the Palmyra palm is a native of tropical Africa but cultivated and naturalized throughout India. Traditionally different parts of this plant such as roots, leaves, fruit and seeds have been used for various human ailments, and the leaves of this tree are used to make mats, baskets, fans, toys, candy boxes and sulagu, etc. Aim: Most of the works have been studied from different parts of this tree like wood, stem, leaf, flower, fruits, pulp and petioles but the root has not been studied much yet, so this current research task is to focus on the isolation, identification and applications of bioactive compounds from the roots of Borassus flabellifer Linn. Standard methods were performed for preliminary phytochemical analysis. GC/MS was used to identify and isolate the bioactive components. Preliminary phytochemical analysis reveals that the roots of Borassus flabellifer Linn. comprise carbohydrates, terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, cardiac glycosides and proteins. GC/MS analysis reveals that ethanolic extracts from the roots of Borassus flabellifer Linn. are reported to have thirty-six bioactive compounds, and each compound has a unique significance. The result of this research work concludes and illustrates that the roots of Borassus flabellifer Linn. are rich in essential dietary nutrients, phytochemicals, and bioactive compounds that can be used for health-promoting benefits. Furthermore, a comprehensive and systematic approach is required to identify and understand the maximum potential for the benefit of mankind.


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How to Cite

Arirudran, B., Shalini, E., & Anbarasu, K. (2022). Phytochemcial Analysis and Isolation, Identification of Bioactive Compounds Present in Root of <i>Borassus flabellifer</i> Linn. using GC/MS. Journal of Natural Remedies, 22(4), 705–716.



Short Communication
Received 2021-09-30
Accepted 2022-12-15
Published 2022-12-16



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