Toxicity of Millettia ferruginea (Hochst) Baker against the Larvae and Adult Ticks of Boophilus decoloratus a One-Host Tick in Cattle


Affiliations

  • Dilla University, Department of Chemistry, Dilla, Ethiopia

Abstract

The present article reports the in vitro toxicity of the seed of Millettia ferruginea (Berbera) for the first time against the larvae and mature ticks of Boophilus decoloratus. The 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% concentrations of the seed oil were found to kill all (100% mortality) larvae after 16hr, 12hr, 8hr, 6hr and 2hr respectively. The 100% concentration of the petroleum extract (oil) of the seed caused 100% mortality of adult male, adult female and fully engorged female tick after 5hr, 7hr and 12hr respectively. The root and root bark showed less toxicity while leaves did not show any activity. Among petroleum ether, acetone and methanol, the acetone extract showed highest acaricidal activity.   


Keywords

Acaricide, Boophilus decoloratus, Cattle, Fabaceae, In vitro, Millettia ferruginea, Tick

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Full Text:

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