Factors Influencing Wastivity in Small Scale Industries: A Case Study of Hubli-Dharwad
Keywords:Production System, Production Planning and Control, Human Resource Management, Inventory Management, Wastivity.
AbstractThere are many approaches to enhance the overall performance of the production systems. But these approaches are inclined towards intense use of resources and have caused huge pressure on limited resources. Many scholars suggest waste management as an alternative and complimentary approach to tackle this problem. This approach is in nascent stage and lacks standard definitions, practices and tools. The research is taken up in Dharwad District (Karnataka) to know which major factors contribute significantly for waste generation in small scale units and to test whether wastivity can be used to compare the systems to evaluate their performance. The study found that lack of Production Planning and Control contributes maximum toward waste generation followed by Human Resource practices and Inventory Management. Also, it was found that wastivity can be used as a measure to compare production units as it is unit less and is independent of category of production system. There is a further scope to quantify the contribution of each sub systems towards waste generation to develop larger control mechanisms like Total Waste Management System.
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