Seasonal population dynamics of spider mite, Tetranychus ludeni Zacher (Tetranychidae) and associated predatory mite, Neoseiulus sp. nr. neoghanii (Phytoseiidae) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. var. Solan gola: Solanaceae) f


Affiliations

  • Dr YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Department of Entomology, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173 230, India

Abstract

The study was carried out during 2013 and 2014 on tomato (var. Solan gola) in open field. Infestation of Tetranychus ludeni Zacher was recorded. Predatory mite viz. Neoseiulus sp. nr. neoghanii was observed in association with T. ludeni. Maximum population of T. ludeni was recorded during June month both years with population 2.6±0.58 (2013) & 2.3±0.42 (2014) mites/leaf. N. sp. nr. neoghanii was observed in June and July month. Population was 0.2±0.2 mites/leaf both years. Populations of T. ludeni and N. sp. nr. neoghanii showed a positive correlation with average temperature and negatively correlated with relative humidity. Occurrence of these species on this crop was the first report from this region. The study will be useful in bio control programme in near future.

Keywords

Biological control, mite, phytophagous, predator

Subject Discipline

Entomology

Full Text:

References

Bjorson S. 2008. Natural enemies of mass reared predatory mites (Family: Phytoseiidae) used for biological control. Exp Appl Acarol. 46 (1-4): 299–306. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s10493-008-9187-1 PMid:18726699

Chant DA, McMurtry JA. 2007. Illustrated keys and diagnoses for the genera and subgenera of the Phytoseiidae of the world (Acari: Mesostigmata). Indira Publishing House. 220p. PMCid:PMC1914523

Dharumarajan S, Dikshit AK, Singh SB. 2009. Persistence of Combine-Mix (beta-Cyfluthrin + imidacloprid) on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), Pesticide Res J. 21(1): 83–85.

Gupta SK. 2002. A monograph on plant inhabiting predatory mites of India. Part I: Order: Prostigmata, Astigmata and Cryptostigmata. Memoirs Zool Surv India 19(2):1–185.

Gupta SK. 1991. The mites of agricultural importance in India with remarks on their economic status. In: Dusbabek F, Bukva V (Eds,). Modern Acarology Vol. I, Academia Prague and SPB Academic Publication, The Hague. pp. 509–522.

Gupta SK. 2003. A monograph on plant inhabiting predatory mites of India. Part II: Order: Mesostigmata. Memoirs Zool Surv India 20(1): 1–185.

Gupta SK, Gupta YN. 1994. A taxonomic review of Indian Tetranychidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with description of new species, re-descriptions of known species and key to the genera and species. Memoirs Zool Surv India 18(1): 1–162.

Jeppson LR, Keiffer HH, Baker EW. 1975. Mites injurious to economic plants - Handbook. University of California Press, Berkley, California. PMid:1103278

Kumar S, Prasad S, Singh RN. 2002. Resurgence of two spotted mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch. (Acarina: Tetranycidae) due to acaricides and botanicals on okra. Ann Pl Protec Sci. 10(2): 239–242.

Mahr DL, Whitaker P, Ridgway N. 2008. Biological control of insects and mites: An Introduction to beneficial natural enemies and their use in pest management. Extension biological control programs, Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin-Madison .120 pp.

Manjulata K, Shashi B, Varma BR, Kapur M, Bhalla S. 2002. Pest risk involved in import of roses and its germplasm. Ind J Ent. 64(4): 465–470.

Patil RS, Nandihalli BS. 2009. Efficacy of promising botanicals against red spider mite on brinjal. Karnataka J Agri Sci. 22: 690–692.

Pokle PP, Shukla A. 2015a. Population dynamics of russet mite, Aceria lycopersici (Acari: Eriophyidae) on tomato under polyhouse conditions. J Exp Zool India 18(2): 737–740.

Pokle PP, Shukla A. 2015b. Population dynamics of two spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Koch) (Acari: Tetranychidae) on tomato under polyhouse condition. J Appl Biosci. 40(2): 148–151.

Prasad R, Prasad UK, Sathi SK, Prasad D. 2007. Mite pest scenario and their status associated with common vegetables. Indian J Curr Sci. 10(1): 269–274.

Prasad R, Singh J. 2007. Estimation of yield loss in okra caused by red spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) under the influence of two dates of sowing. J Entmol. 69 (2): 127–132.

Rachana RR, Manjunath M, Devi G, Naik MI. 2009. Seasonal incidence of red spider mite Tetranychus neocaledonicus Andre and its natural enemies. Karnataka J Agric Sci. 21(1): 213–214.

Reddy NA, Kumar CTA. 2004. Insect pests of tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. in eastern dry zone of Karnataka. Insect Environ, 10(1): 40–42.

Singh J, Raghuraman M. 2011. Emerging scenario of mite pests in India. Zoosymposia 6: 172–179.

Sridhar V, Jhansi RB. 2003. Relative susceptibility in open and greenhouse populations of two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch on Rose to Dicofol. Res Pest Mgmt Newsletter 12: 83.

Sridhar V, Jhansi RB. 2007. Resistance in two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch on rose from different polyhouses to dicofol and wettable sulphur. J Acarol. 17: 48–50.

Talekar NS, Ying F, Song T. 1983. Tomato insect pest: major management strategies. In: Proceedings of the Symptomatic Insect Control of Vegetables (Taiwan). pp. 1–19.

Vashisth S, Chandel YS, Kumar S. 2013. Observations on insect-pest problems of polyhouse crops in Himachal Pradesh. J Entomol Res. 37(3): 253–258.

Vinothkumar S, Chinniah C, Muthiah C, Sadasakthi A. 2009. Field evaluation of acaricides/insecticide molecules for their bio-efficacy against Tetranuchus urticae Koch on brinjal. Karnataka J Agric Sci. 22: 706–706.

Sood AK, Kakar KL. 1990. Record of non-insect pests of ornamental plants from Himachal Pradesh. J Insect Sci. 3(2): 141–45.

Solangi BK, Khoso FN, Shafique MA, Ahmed AM, Gilal AA, Talpur AMA, Dhiloo KH. 2017. Host plant preference of sucking pest complex to different tomato genotypes. J Entomol Zool Stud. 5(1): 293–297.

Zang ZQ. 2002. Taxonomy of Tetranychus ludeni (Acari: Tetranychidae) in New Zealand and its ecology on Sechium edule. New Zealand Entomologist 25(1): 27–34.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.