Field evaluation of biopesticides against whitefly, <i>Bemisia tabaci</i> (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato

Authors

  • Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga - 577204, Karnataka
  • Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga - 577204, Karnataka
  • ICAR- National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bellary Road Bengaluru - 560024, Karnataka
  • ICAR- National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Hebbal, Bellary Road Bengaluru - 560024, Karnataka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/2021/26480

Keywords:

Azadirachtin, <i>Bemisia tabaci</i>, bioagents, biorational insecticide, botanicals, tomato, Spiromesifen

Abstract

The efficacy of different biocontrol agents, botanicals and a biorational insecticide were evaluated against whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato under field conditions at Shivamogga, Karnataka during two seasons (Rabi 2018-2019 and summer 2019-2020). The results revealed that spiromesifen 240 SC @ 0.7 ml/L was the most effective in reducing the B. tabaci population i.e., 85.12 and 85.16 % reduction over untreated control during Rabi and summer, respectively followed by azadirachtin 5% @ 2 ml/l with reduction of 68.61 and 66.32 % over untreated control during Rabi and summer, respectively. The response of these treatments was also observed on the yield attributes, with highest fruit yield of 53.67 t/ha (6 pickings) in spiromesifen treatment followed by azadirachtin (52.93 t/ha), but the highest Benifit: Cost ratio was noticed in azadirachtin 5% (1:3.41), followed by spiromesifen 240 SC (1:3.38).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abhijit G, Chatterjee ML and Anjan B. 2018. Field bioefficacy of some new insecticides and tank mixtures against whitefly on cotton in new alluvial zone of West Bengal. Pestic Res J. 30(1):1-7.

Alam SKF, Patra B, Moulita C, Dey PK, Dhar PP, Samanta A and Somchoudhury AK. 2014. Bio efficacy of spiromesifen 240 Sc (w/v) against whitefly and red spider mites infesting tomato. J Entomol Res., 38(2): 01-10.

Anonymous. 2015. NICRA team of Tomato Pest Surveillance 2012. Manual for Tomato Pest Surveillance. Jointly published by National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM), New Delhi, Central Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru and Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi. 39p.

Anonymous. 2018. Horticultural statistics at a glance.

Asmita S and Ukey S P. 2014. Evaluation of certain botanicals, microbials: An conventional insecticide against mealybug infesting tomato. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 3(11): 385-389.

Basu AN. 1995. Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius): Crop pest and principal whitefly vector of plant viruses. Westview Press, New Delhi, 183p.

Butani DK. 1977. Insect pest of vegetables-tomato. Pesticides, 11: 33-36.

David BV, Ananthakrishnan TN. 2006. General and Applied Entomology. Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. 27p.

Legg JP. 1999. Emergence spread and strategies for controlling the pandemic of cassava mosaic virus disease in East and Central Africa. Crop Prot. 18: 627-637.

Mahalakshmi MS, Sreekanth M, Adinarayana M and Rao YK. 2015. Efficacy of some novel insecticide molecules against incidence of whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) and occurrence of Yellow Mosaic Virus (YMV) disease in urdbean. Int J Pure Appl Biosci. 3(5): 101-106.

Nauen R, Bretschneider T, Bruck E, Elbert A, Reckmann U, Wachendorff U and Tiemann R. 2002. BSN 2060: A novel compound for whitefly and spider mite control. The BCPC Conference: Pests and Diseases, Vol. 1 and 2. Proceedings of the International Conference, Brighton, UK, 18-21 November, 2002. British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, UK, pp. 39-44.

Noonari AM, Abro GH, Khuhro RD and Buriro AS. 2016. Efficacy of biopesticide for management of sucking insect pest of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (L.). J Basic Appl Sci. 12: 306-313.

Solangi BK, Suthar V, Riffat S, Abdul RAT, Muhammad N and Solangi MN. 2019. Screening of bio pesticides

against insect pests of Tomato. Eur Acad Res. 5(2): 700-718.

Sujay A, Anand B, Shankarganesh S and Karuppan. 2013. Efficacy of newer insecticides against leaf hopper and whitefly infesting brinjal and its effect on coccinellids. Indian Jf Plant Prot 25: 6-11.

Tong XL. 2004. Toxicity and efficacy of spiromesifen, a tetronic acid insecticide, against sweet potato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on melons and collards. Crop Prot. 23: 505-513.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-29

How to Cite

Abhishek, M. S., Hanumanthaswamy, B. C., Venkatesan, T., & Selvaraj, K. (2021). Field evaluation of biopesticides against whitefly, <i>Bemisia tabaci</i> (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato. Journal of Biological Control, 35(1), 12–18. https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/2021/26480

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>