Microstructural Characterization of the Garcinia mangostana Fruit at Different Maturity Level


Affiliations

  • Brawijaya University, Faculty of Medicine, Malang, Indonesia
  • Brawijaya University, Department of Plastic Surgery, Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Malang, Indonesia
  • Brawijaya University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Malang, Indonesia
  • Maranatha Christian University, Faculty of Medicine, Bandung, Indonesia
  • PSTBM-BATAN, Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, Indonesia

Abstract

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is one of the most popular fruits which has been widely used medicinally. The major constituents are mostly found in the pericarp particularly, xanthones, which are tricyclic isoprenylated polyphenols. Xanthones have been reported for its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-proliferative, proapoptotic and anti-carcinogenic activities. In this study, the mangosteen pericarps in various maturity levels were investigated using various characterization techniques such as PSA (Particle Size Analyzer), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF). The results revealed the characteristic of mangosteen at various maturity levels.

Keywords

Mangosteen, Particle Size, SEM, Xanthone, X-ray Diffraction, XRD

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